What is Ethyl chloride used for?
Ethyl chloride is commonly used to prevent pain caused by injections and minor surgical procedures. It is also used for the temporary relief of minor sports injuries. Ethyl chloride also helps to relieve deep muscle pain when used with muscle stretching techniques. Ethyl chloride is a cooling substance that is applied to the skin to numb it.
How should I take Ethyl chloride?
This medication is for use on the skin only. It is applied by a healthcare professional. Do not apply to broken skin or mucous membranes (e.g., inside the nose or mouth). Do not spray into the eyes. Do not inhale the spray.
This medication is flammable. Do not use near an open flame or near electrical equipment that can spark a fire.
Before applying ethyl chloride to injection and local surgical sites, your healthcare professional will swab the treatment area with an antiseptic. Petroleum jelly may be applied to protect surrounding areas around the surgical site. The ethyl chloride container should be positioned 3-9 inches (8-23 centimeters) away from the skin. If using ethyl chloride in a bottle, it should be held upside down and sprayed onto the area for 3-7 seconds. If using ethyl chloride in an aerosol can, it should be held upright and sprayed onto the area for 4-10 seconds. Your healthcare professional will spray just until the skin starts to turn white, stopping before the skin frosts. The procedure will then be quickly performed because the numbing effect of ethyl chloride only lasts for a few seconds to a minute.
For the relief of deep muscle pain, the healthcare professional will hold the container 12-18 inches (30-46 centimeters) away from the muscle, then spray in a sweeping motion at the rate of 4 inches (10.2 centimeters) per second until the entire muscle is covered from the trigger point to the area of pain. The muscle will be slowly stretched during this process until full motion is restored and pain is relieved.
How do I store Ethyl chloride?
Ethyl chloride is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Ethyl chloride in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Ethyl chloride that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush Ethyl chloride down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & warnings
What should I know before using Ethyl chloride?
Before using ethyl chloride, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history.
This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breast-feeding?
There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using this Ethyl chloride during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking Ethyl chloride. Ethyl chloride is pregnancy risk category N according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:
- A=No risk,
- B=No risk in some studies,
- C=There may be some risk,
- D=Positive evidence of risk,
What side effects can occur from Ethyl chloride?
Side effects are not common with this medication.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: lasting changes in skin color, pain as skin is thawing, infection at the application site, delayed wound healing.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur (with long-term exposure): yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine, stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, unusual tiredness.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What drugs may interact with Ethyl chloride?
Ethyl chloride may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
Does food or alcohol interact with Ethyl chloride?
Ethyl chloride may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with Ethyl chloride?
Ethyl chloride may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have.
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using this Ethyl chloride.
What is the dose of Ethyl chloride for an adult?
Take ethyl chloride exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
The Ethyl Chloride dose your doctor recommends will be based on the following (use any or all that apply):
- The condition being treated
- Other medical conditions you have
- Other medications you are taking
- How you respond to this medication
- Your weight
- Your height
- Your age
- Your gender
What is the dose of Ethyl chloride for a child?
The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How is Ethyl chloride available?
Ethyl chloride is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- Topical Spray
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of Ethyl chloride, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 29, 2018 | Last Modified: December 19, 2019
Ethyl Chloride Spray, Non-Aerosol. https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-13982/ethyl-chloride-topical/details. Accessed January 29, 2018.
Ethyl Chloride. https://www.drugs.com/cdi/ethyl-chloride.html. Accessed January 29, 2018.
Ethyl Chloride. https://www.rxwiki.com/ethyl-chloride. Accessed January 29, 2018.