How is my baby growing?
Welcome to your second trimester! This is an important milestone in your baby’s development. Your growing baby is about the size of a lemon, weighing about 45g and has the length of approximately 9 cm from head to toe.
During this week, your baby is spouting hair. Hair is growing not only on your baby’s head and eyebrows but all throughout the body. The light fur coating around covering your baby is called lanugo. This is what keeps your baby warm. As your baby starts to accumulate fat on the body, the fat will keep the baby warm and the lanugo will start to shed. In addition, your baby’s liver is producing bile while his spleen is producing more red blood cells.
Body & Life Changes
How is my body changing?
You may notice a change in mood and feeling more like yourself. This means your morning sickness and fatigue may finally be gone. Being in the second trimester, you will feel more energized and happier. Although your old pregnancy symptoms may be gone, you will experience some new symptoms. This may include sharp and achy pains on one or both sides of your abdomen. This is called round ligament pain. You can blame this on your growing uterus. The uterus is supported by a thick band of ligaments that attach to the side of your abdomen. As you increase in weight, it pulls on these ligaments, causing the pain. When this happens, you should lie in a comfortable position and rest your feet.
What should I be concerned about?
You may be concerned about getting sick. When you are pregnant, your immune system is weaker than normal. This means you are more susceptible to infections such as the cold or flu. It is important to keep yourself germ-free. You can do this by making sure to wash your hands after you use the restroom, before you prepare food and after you touch trash or dirt. You should avoid people who are sick and sharing any foods or drinks with anyone. Keep a hand sanitizer in your purse. It can be very useful during unexpected times.
What should I tell my doctor?
You should tell your doctor if you have any problems sleeping. Insomnia can be an issue for many women who are pregnant. Frequent trips to the bathroom and uncomfortable sleep positions can disrupt your sleep, causing you to feel tired during the day. This is not healthy for you or your baby. Talk to your doctor to find ways to manage your insomnia. Getting adequate sleep in important for your pregnancy health.
What tests should I know about?
A few weeks ago, your doctor performed a prenatal screening to detect any chromosomal abnormalities. If your doctor said you have a high risk having a baby with chromosomal abnormalities, you may need a diagnostic test called amniocentesis. An amniocentesis is a test usually done between 14 and 18 weeks. This diagnostic test will determine if your baby have any chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome. During an amniocentesis, a sample of the amniotic fluid is tested. To obtain this sample, a very thin needle is inserted through your abdomen and into your uterus. The test is about 99% accurate and have a 1% risk of causing a miscarriage. You should discuss with your doctor all of the risks and benefits of performing this test.
Health & Safety
What should I know about being healthy and safe while pregnant?
To keep you and your baby healthy and safe, here are some things you should know:
Your immune system is weak, which means you may get sick from drinking tap water even when you never got sick before. There may be contaminates in the tap water that can make you more at risk to get sick. To be safe, you should order bottled water when you eat at a restaurant. You may also consider boiling water before drinking or using it to cook.
Soaking in hot water
It may feel good to soak in a hot bath but you should make sure your bath is not too hot. When your bath water increases your body temperature to over 39 degrees Celsius, soaking for more than 10 minutes can potentially harm your baby and yourself. Here are some problems that can occur:
- Low blood pressure (hypotension);
- Dizziness and lightheadedness;
- Feeling weak and fatigue;
- Potential birth defects.
So you should rethink your decision the next time you think about going to te steam room, hot tub, sauna or taking a hot shower or bath.
We look forward to seeing you in week 15 to see how you are doing.
Hello Health Group does not offer any advice, diagnosis or medical treatment.
Review Date: August 11, 2016 | Last Modified: October 26, 2018
Poppy seed to pumpkin: How big is your baby? http://www.babycenter.com/slideshow-baby-size. Accessed June 1, 2016.
Pregnancy calendar week 14. http://kidshealth.org/parent/pregnancy_center/pregnancy_calendar/week14.html. Accessed June 1, 2016.
Your pregnancy: 14 weeks. http://www.babycenter.com/6_your-pregnancy-14-weeks_1103.bc. Accessed June 1, 2016.
Amniocentesis. http://www.whattoexpect.com/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/prenatal-testing/amniocentesis.aspx. Accessed June 1, 2016.
14 weeks pregnant. http://www.whattoexpect.com/pregnancy/week-by-week/week-14.aspx. Accessed June 1, 2016.