How does chronic illness affect your fertility?

By Medically reviewed by Dr. Duyen Le.

Obviously, when you have a chronic illness such as thyroid disorders, chronic liver or diabetes, you may suffer physical stress, which can impair many of your normal body functions, including ovulation.

In other words, chronic illnesses are stressful for the body and some conditions can make women more difficult to conceive or to carry a pregnancy.

Thyroid disorder

Women with thyroid disorder can be difficult to ovulate and this will make pregnancy impossible.

There are 3 types of thyroid disorder:

  • Luteal phase problems is a condition when a fertilized egg can’t implant securely and ends up leaving the body at the same time that the menstruation will occur, and this is often mistaken as a regular period.
  • High prolactin levels (elevated levels of Thyroid Releasing Hormone – TRH and low levels of Thyroxine -T4) lead to the irregular ovulation or no ovulation.
  • Other hormonal imbalances such as reduced sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), oestrogen dominance, progesterone deficiency, all of which interfere with proper reproductive hormone balance.

Chronic liver and kidney diseases

These chronic diseases can impair fertility because they interfere with the functioning of the pituitary gland, which stores many different hormones. Besides, it affects sex hormone levels from ovaries in women and from testicles in men, as well as fertility.

Cancer

The treatments themselves, including chemotherapy drugs and radiation, can damage or destroy ovaries, causing a woman to stop producing female hormones and lead to early menopause and infertility. However, in some cases, women could freeze their eggs, which have been fertilized by their partner’s sperms before she begins treatment.

However, some of the chronic illnesses can be treated. For example, type 2 diabetes can often be controlled with a healthy diet, exercise and weight loss. So if you want to get pregnant in the future and you have treatment at the same time, please consult with a fertility specialist to discuss some possible ways to enhance your chances.

So if you want to get pregnant in the future and you have treatment at the same time, please consult with a fertility specialist to discuss some possible ways to enhance your chances.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Sources
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