Unlike type 2 diabetes, a condition commonly found in older adults, type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children. This is the reason why type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes. While in type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin properly, type 1 diabetes occurs when the insulin production is disrupted, resulting in high blood glucose levels.
How do I know whether I have type 1 diabetes?
The most obvious warning signs of type 1 diabetes include:
- Urinating often;
- Feeling very thirsty;
- Getting frequent infections;
- Losing weight quickly;
- Feeling tired and weak.
- Blurred vision or blindness;
- Slow-healing skin sores;
- Numbness in hands or feet;
- Kidney failure.
May I be at risk of having type 1 diabetes?
- Exposure to certain viruses, such as the Epstein-Barr virus, Coxsackie virus, mumps virus, and cytomegalovirus;
- Early exposure to cow’s milk;
- Vitamin D deficiency;
- Drinking nitrates-containing water;
- Early (before 4 months) or late (after 7 months) introduction of cereal and gluten into a baby’s diet;
- Having a mother who had preeclampsia during pregnancy;
- Being born with jaundice (yellowish colored of the skin).
What are common medical tests to diagnose type 1 diabetes?
How do I manage my condition?
You will need a special diet to control blood sugar and a glucometer to check your blood sugar levels. Always watch out for signs of too low or too high blood sugar. Inject insulin a few times daily, depending on your doctor’s directions. You also need to have regular foot care and eye checkups to prevent complications.
Review Date: February 1, 2017 | Last Modified: December 6, 2019
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Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Merck and the Merck Manuals. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/diabetes-mellitus-and-disorders-of-carbohydrate-metabolism/diabetes-mellitus-dm. Accessed November 10, 2015.
Type 1 diabetes. U.S. National Library of Medicine. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000305.htm. Accessed November 10, 2015.