Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after a period of time with unprotected and regular sex. This time period may vary from six months to one year, depending on your age. Needless to say, the most obvious symptom of infertility is not getting pregnant. There are other symptoms, but they may be hard to notice. Each cause of infertility may give different symptoms. A lot of health conditions can affect your chances to get pregnant.
Symptoms of infertility in men
Infertility symptoms in men can be hard to spot. Most infertile men don’t know about their condition until they try to have a baby for years without success. As mentioned above, symptoms of infertility in men depend greatly on the underlying cause. Common causes of male infertility include but not limited to:
- Changes in hair growth
- Changes in sex drive
- A pain, lump, or swelling in the testicles
- Difficulties with erections and ejaculation
- Small, firm testicles
When to seek medical help
You need to seek medical help if you are under 35 and have gone through a year of trying to have a baby without success. For women, the timeline is a bit different. If your wife is over 35 years old, you two need to visit your doctor after trying for 6 months.
Your doctor may be able to diagnose your problems through evaluating your blood, urine, and imaging tests. To check your sperm count and the health status of your sperm, your doctor will probably recommend a sperm analysis.
You may need the help of a reproductive endocrinologist – an expert in treating infertility. The expert will need to know about your symptoms and medical history. Therefore, to get the most out of your doctor visit, you should think about what to bring and to talk your doctor beforehand.
- If you are on medications, bring everything with you, including prescriptions, vitamins, minerals, supplements, and any OTC products.
- Write down details on how often you have unprotected sex, how long you have been trying, and the date of the last time you tried to get pregnant.
- Look for any body changes or other symptoms which may be associated with your condition.
- If you have had any surgeries or treatments in the past, especially those that may affect the reproductive tract, don’t forget to tell your doctor and bring the related documents with you.
- Inform your doctor if you have had any radiation or chemotherapy.
- Be specific about your lifestyle habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and substance use.
- Inform your doctor about your history of sexually transmitted diseases (if any), personal or family history of any genetic disorder or chronic illness, such as diabetes or thyroid disease.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: June 20, 2017 | Last Modified: December 9, 2019
Understanding Infertility -- Symptoms. http://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/guide/understanding-infertility-symptoms#1. Accessed June 19, 2017.