Scrapes (Abrasions)

By Medically reviewed by Panel Perubatan Hello Doktor

Definition

What is scrapes (Abrasions)?

Scrapes (abrasions) are skin wounds that rub or tear off skin. Most scrapes are shallow and do not extend far into the skin, but some may remove several layers of skin. Usually there is little bleeding from a scrape, but it may ooze pinkish fluid.

What are the symptoms of scrapes (Abrasions)?

Your injury should need the medical help if you find any of following signs and symptoms:

  • Discharge or pus coming from the cut or scrape;
  • Fever;
  • Increased pain;
  • Redness, swelling, or warmth in the affected area.

Take action

What should I do?

Home Treatment

Minor scrapes can be treated effectively at home to prevent infection.

When you have a minor scrape, let’s follow the instructions.

  • Clean the scrape. Wash your hands with soap and water and then remove dirt and debris with cool water. Don’t need to use hydrogen peroxide, iodine, or rubbing alcohol to treat minor scrapes, clean the wound with soap and cool water instead.
  • Stop the Bleeding. A small amount of blood can help clean out the wound. To stop the bleeding, gently apply firm, direct pressure using a clean cloth or gauze and remember to hold the pressure steadily.

Medical treatment

You should call your doctor to seeking the medical help if:

  • The wound is on your face.
  • The scrape is deep (1/4 inch or more), or you can see fat or muscle.
  • The dirt or debris was from very dirty or rusty, or cannot be removed from the wound.
  • You have a puncture wound or a cut, but you haven’t had a tetanus shot in the past 5 years.
  • The wound is from an animal or human bite.
  • The injured area feels numb.

Prevention

How I should avoid?

It is difficult to prevent scrapes as they are often caused by accidents or falls. Following good safety tips would help to reduce your risk of injury.

  • Concentrate on what you are doing.
  • Study the guide how to use the objects properly.
  • Have enough lighting and make sure you see clearly what you are doing.
  • Organize and arrange your house well to prevent a fall in your home.
  • Protect your hands by wearing gloves whenever possible.
  • Wear other safety gear, such as glasses or boots, as appropriate.
  • Wear protective gear, such as hand, wrist, elbow, or knee pads and helmets, during sports or recreation activities.
  • Store dangerous objects in secure places away from children.
  • Teach children about safety, and be a good role model.

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Review Date: December 8, 2019 | Last Modified: December 8, 2019

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