What Is Ocular Hypertension

By Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel

Ocular Hypertension is a term related to cases in which the pressure inside one’s eyes increases to a higher level than normal. This pressure is called “intraocular pressure”. There is one way to measure eye pressure by using millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). The normal range of eye pressure is from 10-21 mm Hg. Ocular hypertension happens when the pressure is higher than 21 mm Hg. To broaden knowledge about this condition, please follow the information below.

What causes ocular hypertension?        

High eye pressure results from the state that the production and drainage of fluid in the eye are not the same. The drainage system that normally drains the fluid from inside the eye works improperly. More fluid repeatedly grows but can’t be drained due to the incorrect functioning drainage system. As a result, this leads to an increased quantity of fluid inside the person’s eye. Therefore, the pressure is raised.

Just imagine, what will happen if too much fluid exists inside the eye? It’s better if we try to think about a closed, sustainable water tank. The more level of water is poured into the tank, the greater the pressure inside it is. Similarly, high pressure inside the eye occurs – the more fluid, the greater the pressure. Moreover, the optic nerves in the eye can be destroyed by the overload of the pressure.

Which symptoms of ocular hypertension?

Most people with ocular hypertension do not go through any symptoms. That’s the reason why regular eye tests should be performed with an ophthalmologist. It is the key to avoiding risks of the optic nerves from the high pressure.

Above all, regular eye examinations are urgently important for those who are in high danger, such as blacks and elderly people.

● For people who are not symptomatic and who are 40 years old and younger, checking should be taken at least one in three to five years.

● For blacks or those who are older than 40 years, screenings should be carried out more often.

● For those who with various risk factors for glaucoma, examinations should be operated on frequency.

How can we treat?

The main aim of treatment is to decrease the pressure before it becomes glaucoma – loss of vision. People, who are diagnosed with symptoms of optic nerve damage or having greater risks of developing glaucoma will have medical treatment.

You can be treated by highly individualized ophthalmologist chosen. Based on your particular circumstance, doctors may prescribe you with medications. After discussing, the doctor will decide what pros and cons of medical treatment versus observation for you.

How to prevent?

Ocular hypertension cannot be prevented, but through regular eye examinations with an ophthalmologist, its progression to glaucoma can often be prevented.

Ocular Hypertension is a risk if you do not protect your eyes from bad causes. This information may help you understand it and know how to face it.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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Review Date: July 11, 2017 | Last Modified: December 4, 2019