By the passage of time, the appearance of wrinkles, age spots and dryness are common in aged skin. Ageing will definitely take a toll on your skin, but the effect and timing may differ significantly based on hormonal, genetic and environmental factors you are exposed to such as smoking, diet and UV radiation.
Hence, there are a number of simple lifestyle changes that can help rejuvenate the skin, such as a healthy diet and getting adequate sleep. In term of skincare regime, here are step-by-step tips to help your skin stay supple and delay ageing signs.
1. Wash with a gentle cleanser
Cleansing in the morning helps to eliminate natural skin oils and dust that accumulated as you sleep. While in the evening, it’s important to remove any makeup and pollutants that you are exposed to. Having a well-cleansed face is also essential to allow your skin care products to work more effectively.
Choose a gentle cleanser that suits your skin type. This will help to preserve your skin barrier and keep it resistant to dehydration and damage. Avoid cleanser with a high pH like natural soaps as they tend to be very harsh and make your skin more prone to irritation and infection.
2. Exfoliate accordingly
Exfoliants are a great way to get rid of dead skin cells. Ageing slows down your skin turnover rate, which means that it is not replenishing itself as quickly as before. This can be seen as dull and uneven skin, which may even crack.
Chemical exfoliants like acid serums and peels gradually dissolve the bonds between skin cells and allow them to detach. While physical exfoliant such as a washcloth, clay mask or a soft sponge works through physical means. It’s best to avoid harsh physical exfoliants, such as sugar scrubs and cleansers with beads, because it makes your skin more susceptible to sagging. Exfoliate your face around 2-3 times a week for best result except for those with hypersensitive skin.
3. Use serum or face cream
After cleansing and exfoliating your skin, its time to nourish your skin with important nutrients. There are many ways to nourish your skin, such as using face serum in the morning and face cream in the evening. You can use both or only one.
There are two main groups of effective anti-ageing cream components, the antioxidants and the cell regulators. The antioxidants, such as vitamins, polyphenols and flavonoids help reduce collagen degradation. Meanwhile, cell regulators, such as retinol (vitamin A), peptides and growth factors (GF), have direct effects on collagen metabolism and influence collagen production.
Vitamin C serum is a popular choice for its antioxidant capability. Meanwhile, Cantella Asiatica, the latest craze in skin rejuvenating cream is known to be an effective cell regulator and was derived from the well known local herbs, Pegaga.
4. Moisturize well
Ageing causes a decline in your sebum production, which may be good news for acne prone skin. But this also means your skin will dry out more easily. Inadequate skin hydration is a known contributor to fine lines. Hence, moisturizing is an essential step to delay ageing sign.
Use a moisturizer while your skin is still wet from your skin care routine to lock the water in your skin. Moisturizer can also help your skin look soft and smooth, which can help minimize the appearance of wrinkles. You should also get enough hydration by drinking water and incorporating more vegetables and fruit into your diet.
5. Apply sunscreen
Photoaging is the inevitable consequence of sun exposure. The sun’s UV rays can break down collagen and causing abnormalities in elastin, leading to thinner skin, wrinkles and uneven pigmented patches.
So, use sunscreen daily with a minimum of 30 SPF. According to a recent study, a daily application of a broad-spectrum SPF 30 sunscreen can fade age spots, improve skin texture, and flatten out wrinkles by 20 per cent in only three months. The effects are believed to be due to the restoration of the skin ability to regenerate instead of continually fighting UV rays, thanks to the use of sunscreen.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Hello Health Group tidak memberikan nasihat perubatan, diagnosis atau rawatan.