Aneurysm is the condition in which the wall of an artery gets weak, causing a bulging area, which can burst out and result in internal bleeding. Aneurysm is a life-threatening condition.
Scientists have not been able to clearly explain the cause of aneurysm. It is believed that the defects in the wall of the artery is responsible for the condition. In some cases, aneurysm appears right at childbirth. Fat deposits inside the arteries may be responsible as well since it will force the heart to work harder in order to get the blood through fatty buildup, resulting in damaged arteries.
Aneurysm can happen in almost any places in your body. However, they are commonly observed at:
- The heart
- The brain
You may be at greater risk of aneurysm if you smoke. If you have high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol, obesity or a family history of those conditions, you are also more likely to get aneurysm. Besides, aneurysm at the spleen is usually associated with pregnancy.
Possible symptoms of aneurysm vary, depending on the specific location of the bulge. If the bulge lies near the skin, you may notice some pain and swelling. In worse cases when the aneurysm occurs inside the body or in the brain, there usually no visible signs. Aneurysm in the brain can either rupture or expand, causing altered vision, lightheadedness or migraine. If aneurysm rupture, you may exhibit symptoms like bleeding, faster heartbeat, pain and dizziness. Without proper medical attention, aneurysm bursting may result in mortality.
Aneurysm can be diagnosed with physical exams and tests such as CT scan, ultrasound and angiogram to detect any existing swelling, bulge or blockage inside the arteries. Based on your condition and the location of aneurysm, your doctor will create the most suitable treatment plan for you. You may need surgery to fix your aneurysm and medications to control your blood pressure. If you notice a lump anywhere in your body, you should visit a doctor to check for aneurysm, the bulge from aneurysm is not necessarily painful or throbbing so it is important that you do not overlook it.
Although aneurysm cannot be prevented completely, you can still lower your risk by adopting a healthy lifestyle. If you have a problem with blood pressure or cholesterol levels, it is best to get it under control. Quit smoking also greatly help to protect you against aneurysm.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: October 8, 2016 | Last Modified: December 9, 2019
Aneurysm. http://www.healthline.com/health/aneurysm#Overview1 Assessed September 25, 2016
Aneurysm. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001122.htm Assessed September 25, 2016