What to Know About HPV Vaccine

By Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel

What is HPV?

One of the most popular sexually transmitted viruses is genital human papillomavirus (HPV). It is estimated that there are approximately 40 types of HPV, and of course, they are sexually transmitted.

Most of the HPV infections display no symptoms, and are likely to vanish by themselves. However, a lot of people take great notice of this virus due in large measure to its potential to lead to cervical cancer in women. Cervical cancer is, in fact, causes a significant number of deaths among women throughout the world.

Other consequences of HPV include less popular types of cancer for both of men and women – cancers of penis, vagina, anus, etc, for instance – genital warts (with strenuous treatment) and even warts located in the upper respiratory tract. Once you have HPV infection, you cannot cure it. Nevertheless, there are treatments available for the conditions that HPV infection brings to you.

Why is HPV vaccine important?

It is estimated that in the U.S. alone, approximately 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, and that is not to mention around 4,000 women die from this disease every year.

HPV vaccine, an inactivated vaccine, has the benefits of shielding users from four main types of HPV. Around 70% of cervical cancer results from the two types, while 90% of genital warts are provoked by the other two. HPV vaccine offers protection believed to be perennial. However, since the vaccine will not be able to shield you from all HPV types, cervical cancer screening is still required.

Who can get HPV vaccination?

HPV vaccination is recommended for girls at the age of 11 and 12. Girls at age 9 years can also be given HPV vaccine. Boys at 9 to 26 can also get the HPV4 vaccine in three doses. HPV4 vaccine is commonly used to prevent girls from genital warts.

Will sexually active females benefit from the vaccine?

Females are recommended to get the vaccine before they begin to be sexually active and have exposure to HPV. Will sexually active females benefit from the vaccine? Yes, they do, but perhaps they get less benefit owing to the fact that sexually active females could have already been exposed to some HPV types at which the vaccines aim. Notwithstanding, the number of sexually active young women, who get the vaccines, that is infected with all HPV types is low. It shows that the vaccine can still protect most of the young women.

Can pregnant women get the vaccine?

Pregnant women should not use the vaccine even though some research shows that babies may not be at any risks. However, until the pregnancy is finished, they should not take in any doses of HPV vaccine.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

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Review Date: August 10, 2017 | Last Modified: December 4, 2019