Breast Fibroadenoma

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Update Date 12/05/2020 . 2 mins read

What is a breast fibroadenoma?

A breast fibroadenoma is a benign lump commonly found in the breast of young women. It is not dangerous and often goes away on its own without treatment. A fibroadenoma is not a cancer tumor, so it will not spread to other organs. It is often small in size, firm to the touch but not tender.

There are two types of breast fibroadenomas:

  • Simple fibroadenomas does not increase your risk of breast cancer. They look uniform under a microscope.
  • Complex fibroadenomas contain macrocysts filled with fluids visible to the naked eye and calcium deposits (calcifications).

Why do you get breast fibroadenomas?

Scientists have not been able to explain why fibroadenomas are formed. However, they believe that hormones (estrogen, for example) may play a role. Besides, those who take birth control pills before the age of 20 are more likely to develop fibroadenomas than others. These breast lumps may grow during pregnancy and shrink during menopause.

How do you know if you have breast fibroadenomas?

Your doctor will perform a physical exam of your breasts. You may need an imaging test or a mammogram. To determine if the tumor is cancerous or not, you need a biopsy in which small pieces of the tumor are removed to be tested in the lab.

Can I get rid of breast fibroadenomas?

Although breast fibroadenomas will not cause you any health problems, you can choose to remove those tumors if you want or if your family history suggests an increased risk of breast cancer. Surgical removal is usually recommended if:

  • The tumors affect the shape of your breasts.
  • The tumors cause you pain.
  • You have a family history of breast cancer.
  • The result of your biopsy is concerning.

However, once a fibroadenoma is removed, it’s possible that another will grow back.

If your fibroadenomas do not grow or if they are shrinking on their own, you should probably leave them alone since removing them means you will lose a lot of surrounding breast tissue. This may leave scars and damage your breasts, causing them to have a strange shape.

Living with breast fibroadenomas

Women with breast fibroadenomas have a slightly higher risk of developing breast cancer. Therefore, if you are diagnosed with breast fibroadenomas, you should have regular medical checkups to monitor your condition. It’s advisable to self-exam your breasts frequently to check if there is any wrong with your breasts. If you notice an usual change in your breast size, shape, or changes in the existing fibroadenomas, you should call your doctor immediately.

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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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