Causes of Miscarriage: What May Take Your Baby Away

Miscarriage is one of the biggest fears of any expecting couple. There are some causes of miscarriage that you cannot avoid, but some can be controlled if you know how to take care of yourself.

Unavoidable causes

Genetics

If your or your child’s chromosomal (the material that carries your genetic makeup) has a mutation, you are at risk of miscarriage. Up to 70 percent of first trimester miscarriages and 20 percent of second-trimester miscarriages occur because of a glitch in the fetus’ genes.

Blood clotting

Diabetes, thyroid disease, lupus, and heart disease, as well as others like uterine infections, can cause miscarriage. These illnesses can restrict the blood flow to the uterus.

Immunological disorders

Immunological disorders (where your immune system is overactive or underactive), especially, can lead to recurrent miscarriage. Simply speaking, the body just doesn’t accept the pregnancy.

Hormone imbalance

Hormones play an extremely important role in pregnancy. For example, progesterone is important in assisting the placenta to take hold to the uterus wall. If your body doesn’t have enough progesterone, it might lead to miscarriage.

Placental and cervical problems

If there is a problem with the placement of the placenta, or if your cervix is too weak to hold the fetus, there is a risk of miscarriage. Your fetus might not get enough blood supply if there is a problem with the placenta.

Avoidable causes

Lifestyle

Having a self-destructive lifestyle can lead to miscarriage. Cigarettes, alcohol, drugs, environmental toxins can interfere with blood supply and fetal growth. If you plan to be a mother, quitting these substances is the first thing you should do to prevent miscarriage.

Despite popular believe, exercises – given the doctor’s ok – even reduces the risk of miscarriage and keeps the baby healthier (by reducing stress, aches and pains, gestational diabetes risk, and even building up stamina for labor). Of course, you are not encouraged to do heavy exercises like weight lifting, but gentle exercises like prenatal yoga can help a lot with improving your health during pregnancy.

Medicines

Some medicines can cause miscarriage. Try to avoid misoprostol, retinoids, methotrexate and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – such as ibuprofen. It is best to check with your doctor before taking any medication.

When you plan to get pregnant

At certain ages, women are more at risk of miscarriage. The age of the mother has an influence:

  • In women under 30, 1 in 10 pregnancies will end in miscarriage;
  • In women aged 35-39, up to 2 in 10 pregnancies will end in miscarriage;
  • In women over 45, more than half of all pregnancies will end in miscarriage.

A miscarriage can be an incredibly devastating event, with long-lasting emotional repercussions, including depression, anger, fear, and guilt, but one of the most difficult aspects of a pregnancy loss is simply the complete lack of knowledge surrounding the event.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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Sources
Dian Sonnerstedt Yoga Expert
Dian Sonnerstedt is a yoga practitioner since 2016. Her love of yoga turned her from working as a Marketing executive in huge corporation, to a life as ...
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Dian Sonnerstedt Yoga Expert
Dian Sonnerstedt is a yoga practitioner since 2016. Her love of yoga turned her from working as a Marketing executive in huge corporation, to a life as a full-time yoga instructor. She received her certification from One Song Yoga School in 2014, followed by certifications in Prenatal/Postnatal Yoga, Sunshine Network for Thai Yoga Massage, and Yin Mindful Immersion Yoga in 2015. Dian officially registered in YogaAlliance.org. Dian teaches various types of Yoga including Hatha, Vinyasa, Yin, and Prenatal Yog. She has opened private classes, as well as classes for office, and in studio @Yoga42 Senayan Arcadia. She wants to share her knowledge of Yoga and inspire everyone to love Yoga, as it has had a positive impact not only physically but mentally on the practitioners. In this column, Dian will share all about yoga, why it is good for you and how to practice Yoga for those who have experience, or who had never touched a yoga mat. Find out more about yoga with Dian Sonnerstedt on her Instagram account @diansonnerstedt (https://www.instagram.com/diansonnerstedt/)
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