Types of Heart Disease in Children

By Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel

Cardiovascular disease is a relatively dangerous disease common in adults, but it usually develops much more severe if it occurs in children. Common cardiovascular diseases in children include congenital heart disease, heart disease due to viral infections, and even cardiac disease as a result of rare diseases or hereditary syndromes. The good news is that with the advancement of medicine today, many children are completely cured and can enjoy a healthy, normal life.

Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart disease is a birth defect in the fetus, due to abnormalities in the embryonic development and development. In fact, the most prevalent form of heart disease in children is virtually cardiac disease, with the incidence of 8 / 1,000 newborns. These children often have problems with myocardium or heart valves such as:

  • Aortic valve closure restricts circulating blood flow
  • Mitral valve stenosis.

Other forms of congenital heart disease include:

  • Heart failure congenital makes the heart part can not develop completely.
  • Formations of the heart, especially at the heart wall between the heart chambers and between the main blood vessels from the heart: atrium, ventricular septal and patent ductus arteriosclerosis.
  • Fallot syndrome is a combination of four syndromes including pulmonary embolism, ventricular septal defect, equestrian aorta and right ventricular hypertrophy.


Atherosclerosis is a term for the formation and accretion of plaques of fat and cholesterol in the arteries. As plaque builds up, the veins become more rigid and narrower, increasing the risk of blood clots formation and causing heart attacks. This is a silent and long-term disease. Young children and adolescents rarely get this disease.

However, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and other health problems are factors that lead children to be at risk of atherosclerosis. Your doctor recommends checking your cholesterol and blood pressure for children who have risk factors such as a family history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and those who are overweight or obese.

Treatments include lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity and dietary adjustments.


Arrhythmia is a common name for some of the electrical activity of the heart, which is abnormally disordered or faster or slower than normal electrical activity, which reduces the cardiac output of the heart.

Classification of arrhythmia includes:

  • Heart beating fast
  • Heart beats slowly
  • Long Q-T syndrome (LQTS)
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

Symptoms include:

  • Can love
  • Tired
  • Dizziness
  • Poor appetite

Treatment depends on the type of arrhythmia that children have and how it affects their health.

Kawasaki disease

This is a rare disease characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels in the entire body such as in the arms, legs, mouth, lips and throat. Other symptoms include fever and swollen lymph nodes. The cause of the disease is still unclear.

This is a major cause of cardiovascular disease in children, according to the American Heart Association (AHA), with one in five children with heart disease, most are under 5 years old.

Treatment depends on the severity of the disease, usually by rapid treatment with gamma globulin IV and aspirin. Corticosteroids can sometimes reduce the complications of the disease. Infected children often have to go to the hospital for cardiovascular examination several times throughout their lives.

These heart diseases are only few common diseases seen on children.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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