The male reproductive system, together with the female reproductive system, is responsible for creating human offsprings. Their main responsibilities are producing, transporting as discharging sperm, as well as regulating sex-related hormones.
While the female reproductive system is inside the body, the male reproductive is based mostly outside. Basically, it has three prominent organs:
The penis is what most people think of when talking about reproductive organs of men. It plays an important role in sexual activities. The penis has three main parts:
- The root is the part that gets attached to the wall of the belly.
- The body of the penis.
- The glands – the head of the penis. It contains a lot of nerve endings. The urethra is also located here. It is a tube in which sperm and urine travel. The act of releasing the sperm through the urethra is called ejaculation.
The testicles are put inside a bag of skin called the scrotum. The scrotum protects the testicles from the environment outside, as well as keep a most suitable temperature for producing sperm.
Inside the scrotum are two testicles. They are responsible for generating sperm and sex-related hormones. You can image them as two oval shaped objects in the size of a big olive. In the parallel position with the testicles is the vas deferens: a tube for transporting semen (the fluid that sperm is in), connected by the coiled tubes called the epididymis. The sperm may need up to 6 weeks to travel through the epididymis.
In addition, the male reproductive system also has a system of glands accessory glands responsible for lubricating fluids and sperm nourishment.
The male reproductive system is born with the baby boy. However, not until the puberty will it be activated. Usually, puberty begins from the age of 9. As the boy enters that age period, his brain will release hormones that kicks start the testosterone production, which consequently leads to physical and psychological changes. During puberty, the reproductive organs will grow larger, pubic hair appears and the voice deepens. The boy will grow fast, both in weight and height.
Just like the fairer sex, the males also have to go through a period called menopause, when the sex-related hormones drop gradually, and will completely stop at some point in the future. These changes could result in tiredness, depression and eventually impotence. For those who want to relieve the symptoms, you can consider hormone replacement therapy. However, it should be taken with serious precautions since hormone replacement may have dramatic side-effects.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.