Having an intact and smooth facial skin is a dream of all. Flawless skin without any undesired scars on the face is very much concern especially for youngsters and young adults. Having acne around our faces is part of a natural process with almost people will have it at least once in a lifetime. Factors contributed to the formation of the acne include increased sebaceous gland secretion, the generation of the sebaceous cell, follicular keratosis, provocation of inflammation and unnatural hormone secretion. Acne will certainly leave marks and scars as acne scars are actually collagen fibres which appeared deep in the dermis layer of the skin.
Forms of acne scars include macules, skin discolouration, tissue scars and loss of tissue. Macules are flat with red coloured spots where the acne wound once located there before. Skin discolouration happened when the skin spots usually have a slightly distinct tone of colour when the acne healed and also called as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Tissue scars are scars that appear to be enlarged tissues. It also called keloids or hypertrophic scars, as a result of an overabundance of collagen in our skin. Loss of tissue, on the other hand, is the type which is more common than the tissue scars. These scars look sunken and like having tiny holes on the skin surface. Other name includes ice-pick scars, depressed fibrotic scars, soft scars, follicule macular atrophy and atrophic macules.
Consult with your dermatologist to get the appropriate and suitable treatment to remove deep acne scars from your face. There are several types of common skin treatment to remove acne scars. Dermabrasion is considered very effective to remove the scars; using a high-speed brush or other appliances to reduce your scar’s depth. It will take a few days to heal after the treatment. Your skin will be red and swollen after the treatment takes place. Unlike dermabrasion, microdermabrasion is another treatment with less in-depth treatment compared to the dermabrasion. To remove the surface skin, the dermatologist will use a spray of very small crystal rather than a high-speed brush and it needs more than one treatment to remove the scars.
Chemical peels can be administered to eliminate the shallow acne scars and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It can be done by medical practitioners such as the doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner or spa aesthetician. The treatment includes the use of certain acid to remove the outer layer of the skin and you may have the skin peeling for a few days. Research shows that medium-depth chemical peels improve the clearance of the acne scars with 51 to 75 percent. For some tissue scars, it cannot be removed by applying the traditional way of acne scars treatment. Cases like keloid scars will be treated with the retinoic acid cream appliance to reduce its appearance. Search for products with retinol as one of its active ingredients at any pharmacy.
The use of fillers is also among the common treatment. Items like collagen, hyaluronic acid or fat used to “fill in” the scars especially for those having the skin with depressed appearance. The filler injections have to be done repeatedly in a few months depending on the product’s type. The punch excisions are another treatment that has to be considered especially for pitted acne scars sufferer. The skin surgery will be conducted by cutting out the scars and repaired with stitches or a skin graft. The scar of the stitches will be removed easily by using light resurfacing or microdermabrasion treatment.
Another best treatment is using lasers where the laser will remove the outer layer of the skin, outline the area of acne scars and reduce the redness of dark spots around healed acne wound. Lasers treatment use the monochromatic light with heat to excite the dermal fibroblasts to reinstate the elastin and collagen on the skin. It precisely removes the damaged skin to let the new skin regenerate. The laser treatment will undergo for several times and will need a few days to heal.
Set up for an appointment and get the consultation from the qualified practitioner or dermatologists to receive a proper and relevant remedy for your facial skin.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 7, 2019 | Last Modified: January 7, 2019
- Koo SH, Yoon ES, Ahn DS, Park SH. Laser punch-out for acne scars. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2001;