SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

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Kemas kini Tarikh 12/05/2020 . 3 minit bacaan
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Know the basics

What is SARS?

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a form of pneumonia. The disease first appeared in China in November 2002. Within a few months, tourists and Chinese people who go to foreign countries that have sickened 29 countries spread worldwide.

Although 9 out of 10 SARS infected people recover, if SARS patients not treated will die. Therefore, authorities are quick to propagate preventive, disease identification signs, diagnostic methods and recommends isolating sick patients in order not to let the disease spread out.

In July 2003, the outbreak of the disease terminated and there is no illnesses have occurred since 2004.

How common is SARS?

Most patients are adults over 65. If you suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease or weakened immune systems and SARS, you will be likely to have complications and higher mortality risk.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of SARS?

SARS have early signs of flu, fever 38 ° C or higher; followed by chills, shivering, muscle pain, headaches, dry cough and fatigue.

More serious symptoms include severe pneumonia and blood oxygen decrease (blood without enough oxygen).

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You must be hospitalized immediately if you find yourself have symptoms of SARS, such as high fever, muscle aches and cough.

If you have heart disease, high blood pressure or diabetes and symptoms of SARS, you need emergency not to let complications.

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes SARS?

The cause of SARS is corona virus, same type as those causing common cold. Bats and civet species are known as “culprits” of transmitting virus through respiratory tract, meaning that you will be sick if inhaling vapor in air containing the virus.

You’ll also catch SARS if you have close contact, such as: touching items containing saliva, tears, urine and feces of SARS patients. Hugging, kissing or eating together with an infected person, touching objects including door handles, telephone and elevator buttons that SARS may have touched can transmit the disease.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for SARS?

There are many risk factors for this disease such as:

  • Exposure to people or animals carrying virus Corona;
  • Go to the region or country of SARS outbreak;
  • Not washing hand before and after eating, poor personal hygiene.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is SARS diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose SARS and ask you the transmission element such as where you have just travelled, who you have contact with, etc.

Blood and stool tests will be required to see whether your blood and stool have Corona virus or viral antigens against.

Radiography and tomography (CT) may also be necessary if doctors suspect SARS complications to bronchitis and pneumonia.

How is SARS treated?

Currently, SARS has no cure. If you get SARS, physicians will prescribe treatments, including various forms of support virus self-resistance such as ventilated, oxygen, physiotherapists, antibiotics and antiviral to prevent other diseases. Antiviral prescription drugs cannot cure SARS, but it only prevents other viruses get into your body. If you have symptoms of pneumonia, doctor will prescribe additional anti-inflammatory steroid.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage SARS?

Currently, SARS has no cure. If you get SARS, physicians will prescribe treatments, including various forms of support virus self-resistance such as ventilated, oxygen, physiotherapists, antibiotics and antiviral to prevent other diseases. Antiviral prescription drugs cannot cure SARS, but it only prevents other viruses get into your body. If you have symptoms of pneumonia, doctor will prescribe additional anti-inflammatory steroid.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Hello Health Group tidak memberikan nasihat perubatan, diagnosis atau rawatan.

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