Know the basics
What is phimosis?
Phimosis is a condition in which foreskin is tight and cannot slide down to pull the penis out when the penis is erect. Phimosis interferes when urination, sexual activity and increases the risk of urinary tract infection.
How common is phimosis?
This condition usually occurs in people who are not circumcised. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of phimosis?
Phimosis is usually painless. However, the foreskin may be tightened interfering urination or having sex. In addition, phimosis may make you difficult to clean the bottom of the foreskin, so it’s easy to have skin infections.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
When you find it difficult urinating or having sex due to phimosis, see a doctor for examination and advice. In addition, you should also contact a doctor if your glans appears redness, pain and swelling, which may be a sign of glans inflammation.
Know the causes
What causes phimosis?
Usually, foreskin of penis in children aged 3 to 4 years old can slide down. However, some children cannot do this and lead to phimosis by:
- Top of the foreskin is too small for the glans of penis cannot squeeze through.
- Braking cord is too short which makes the foreskin cannot be retracted completely (this condition is called arrestor wires BREVE).
- Due to result of these infections, it leads to scarring of the penis glans fibrosis.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for phimosis?
There are many risk factors for Phimosis, such as:
- Do not circumcise;
- Infants often have diaper rash;
- Poor personal hygiene;
There are no risk factors not meaning you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is phimosis diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose phimosis based on medical history, symptoms and examination of the penis.
How is phimosis treated?
If Phimosis does not cause symptoms, it may not require treatment, especially in children. However, if the condition of children does not progress or they have difficulty with urination and toilet, you can use some hydrocortisone cream for treatment.
In older children and adults, you only need a thorough sanitation and rapid possible infection treatment. However, if phimosis causes inflammatory or difficulty in urinating and having sex, you can go to your doctor for advice circumcision surgery.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage phimosis?
You should maintain a healthy lifestyle, do exercise and avoid irritants, smoking, and alcohol. Find ways to deal with stress in relationships. Besides, improved relationships with partners and health care.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Print edition. Page1469.
Phimosis and paraphimosis. http://www.drugs.com/health-guide/phimosis-and-paraphimosis.html. Accessed July 13, 2016.
Phimosis. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/phimosis/pages/introduction.aspx. Accessed July 13, 2016.