Penile Cancer

By Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel


What is penile cancer?

Penile cancer is defined as cancers of the penis with a high morbidity and mortality, which commonly occurs in less developed countries and acquired by older men.

Penile cancer is relating to a history of unproperly medical intervention of tight penile foreskin or in patients circumcised at an older age.

How common is penile cancer?

It can affect people of any race. This health condition is extremely common but studies of penile cancer have not been well carried out worldwide.

It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.


What are the symptoms of penile cancer?

In patients with penile cancer, common symptoms include:

  • Smegma – a whitish substance that may be present on the penis
  • Itchy
  • Pain or painless lump presents within the foreskin fold
  • Older patients often suffer these without visiting doctor letting the tumor deeply invasive ulcerated or rounded lump
  • Bleeding typically happens in morning-boner or during sexual intercourses
  • An infectious-necrotic penile ulcer
  • A penile lesion
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Physical signs (e.g. hepatomegaly) or symptoms (e.g. weight loss, confusion) indicate the presence of metastatic disease or associated metabolic abnormalities

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

All patient require close follow-up to prevent an unnecessary delay in diagnosis.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following medical conditions that associated with an increased risk of penile cancer:

  • Prior history of genital warts
  • Prior history of urinary tract infection
  • Phimosis in uncircumcised men
  • Prior penile injury
  • Known urethral stricture

Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.


What causes penile cancer?

The causes of penile cancer can be varies in etiologies, factors associated with penile cancer include:

  • Phimosis – inability to retract the foreskin
  • Penile hygiene plays an basic role
  • Lichen sclerosis – an uncommon condition that creates patchy, white skin that’s thinner than normal
  • Premalignant lesion such as Bowen’s disease (Queyrat), Leukoplakia, Paget disease, Buschke-Lowenstein disease, etc.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for penile cancer?

A number of factors affect the risk of developing Penile Cancer or a precursor lesion, such as:

  • Related-age: The main age at diagnosis is 60 years, though penile cancer is seen in men less than 40 years old.
  • Urbanization issue: Due to economic condition, penile cancer is common in community with lack access of healthcare services.
  • Untreated/improperly treated Sexual transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Other factors: Tobacco exposure (i.e. smoking and chewing); Photochemotherapy (with ultraviolet A, Psoralen); Zoo-philia.
  • There is no association between Penile cancer and sex orientation.

Diagnosis & Treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.


How is penile cancer diagnosed?

The diagnosis of penile cancer is made based upon the biopsy of the penile lesion interpreted in the clinical context, and other general tests for differential diagnosis such as white blood cell count to detect inflamed conditions, X-ray and abdominal computed tomography to screen hepatomegaly or prostate cancer, etc.

How is penile cancer treated?

Using The Tumor Node Metastatis (TNM) staging system, different initial evaluations, staging and treatments will be indicated. Traditionally,  treatments for penile cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Lifestyle changes & Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage penile cancer?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with penile cancer:

  • Get access to full-properly treat of venereal disease acquisition.
  • Maintain penile hygiene: even minor care or cleaning could help you prevent the risk factors of cancer proliferation. Like all cancer, penile cancer is best prevented.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

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Review Date: February 19, 2017 | Last Modified: December 4, 2019

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