5 Things You Need to Know About Muscle Contraction Tension Headache

By Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel

Headaches can be extremely painful and unpleasant. The most common headache from which mankind has ever suffered is muscle contraction tension headache. However, you may know nothing about it but pain. This article will show you 5 must-know things about this disease.

What is muscle contraction tension headache?

Muscle contraction tension headache is the type of headaches that you may misunderstand as normal ones. It is not a symptom of a severe disease, but can recur several times in life. It can go with agonies and distress.

You may feel painful in the both sides of the head. The pain is described as a tight bandage around your head. You may also feel a lot of pressure and warmth behind your eyes.

A muscle contraction tension headache can last from 30 minutes to days. Acute muscle contraction tension headache usually does not require treatments. Chronic muscle contraction tension headache which demands way more difficult treatments can lead to stress and depression.

What are the symptoms?

These are some common signs and symptoms of muscle contraction tension headache you can check:

  • Pain in the head
  • Tightness or pressure around the head
  • Tightness on the neck
  • Tenderness in the shoulder muscles
  • Pressure and warmth behind your eyes

You may not have these symptoms, but any other severe symptoms should be reported.

When to see a specialist

Muscle contraction tension headache usually gets better on its own. However, in some situations, specialists’ help may be more helpful.

When to make an appointment

If the headache disturbs your daily life and it’s getting harder than ever to complete your daily tasks, you should see a doctor. If, you feel like your headache begins to change, you should also see your doctor. It may have something do with neurological problems such as tumor or blood vessel disease in the brain.

When to seek medical care

Although most symptoms are not severe, some can be the signs of other severe problems:

  • Severe headache
  • Fever
  • Stiffness in the neck
  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Headache that gets worse
  • Difficulty speaking

How is it treated?

Muscle contraction tension headache can be treated effectively by medications. The goal of treatments is to relieve pain and prevent recurrence. However,  you should not take these medicines too often because they may have some side effects. If you are pregnant or have some certain health problem, you should be careful.

  • Over the counter: Over the counter can be used without the instruction of doctors. But you should follow the instruction in the label. Some types of over the counter drugs are ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen.
  • Prescription: Prescription must be used under the instruction of doctors. Some types of prescription medications are naproxen, indomethacin, and ketorolac.

Self-management can help prevent muscle contraction tension headache

The most ideal way to protect yourself from pain and discomfort of muscle contraction tension headache is prevention. You can prevent this headache by changing your lifestyle.

Control your stress

Stress is a common cause of muscle contraction tension headache. You can control your stress by organizing your life and go ahead with your plan. Remember to spend time on -relaxation, too. Sometimes, advice from a psychologist may be helpful.

Adjust your posture

Good posture is important. It prevents muscles from tensing. When you sit, keep your head straight between shoulders and do not bend your head forward.

Exercises and take care of your body

Proper exercises can help strengthen the muscles that support your head and give you a healthy brain. Doing exercise can also help you relax and reduce stress. -Absorbing healthy diet and stopping smoking are also helpful.

Most headaches are muscle contraction headache. This is the normal headache you can have in everyday life, especially when you are stressed. Medications can help relieve pain and self-management can help prevent the recurrence.

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Review Date: June 1, 2017 | Last Modified: December 4, 2019

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