Salt and blood pressure (part 1)

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Update Date May 12, 2020
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To lower blood pressure, ensure a less consumption of salt. If you eat too much salt, you are at the greatest risk of high blood pressure.

Salt makes your body retain more water. The additional amount of stored water increases your blood pressure and strains your kidneys, arteries, heart and brain.

Kidneys

One of the most important missions of the kidneys is to filter your blood, banishing unwanted fluid. Here will the extra fluid be drawn out and delivered into the bladder where it will go out of the body in form of urine.

To carry out this mission, your kidneys make use of osmosis in order to suck the unwanted water out of your blood. During this process, a precise balance of potassium and sodium is required to pull the water across a wall of cells from the bloodstream into a collecting channel that leads to the bladder.

However, the existence of too much salt will destroy the delicate balance because it boosts the amount of sodium in the bloodstream. The consequence is that it will weaken the kidneys’ power of removing the extra water.

Consequences are unavoidable. The extra fluid and more strain on the sensitive blood vessels leading to the kidneys result in a high blood pressure.

The extra strain, if not solved, will cause damage to the kidneys, which is known as kidney disease. The result is the weakening of the kidneys’ capability of filtering out the extra water and toxic waste products, which can subsequently begin to accumulate in your body.

There are high chances that the damage will cause kidney failure if you do not treat the kidney disease and the blood pressure shows no signs of getting lower. At this stage, no longer will the kidneys be able to filter the blood, so the accumulated toxic waste products will gradually poison the body.

Arteries

The excessive consumption of salt can put strains on the insides of the arteries, leading to the extra blood pressure.

So as to deal with the additional strain, the very small muscles in the artery walls will adapt themselves by getting thicker and stronger. However, the new thicker artery walls will narrow the space inside the arteries and increase the blood pressure even higher.

As a consequence of the gradual progress of raising blood pressure years after years, the arteries can eventually burst or the space inside the arteries become so small that they clog up completely.

When this happens, the arteries cannot deliver blood to the organs of the body. Lacking oxygen and vital nutrients delivered by the blood, the organs will be damaged and possibly die.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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