4 Things everyone need to know about Arrhythmia

Medically reviewed by | By

Update Date 12/05/2020
Share now

Arrhythmia, also known as irregular heartbeat, is a condition in which your heart beats either too fast, too slow, or in an inconsistent rhythm. While most heart arrhythmias are benign, some cases can be very dangerous.

Cause of arrhythmias

There are many causes of arrhythmias, including:

  • A heart attack
  • Damaged heart muscle due to earlier heart attacks
  • Changed heart muscle due to certain heart diseases (cardiomyopathy, for example)
  • Blockage arteries in your heart
  • Overactive or underactive thyroid
  • Tobacco use
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Substance abuse
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Sleeping disorders
  • Medications
  • Genetic factors

Types of arrhythmias

Basically, arrhythmias are sorted into 2 categories based on their originated locations and the heartbeat patterns they create.

  • Tachycardia: A racing pattern of more than 100 beats a minute is considered tachycardia.
  • Bradycardia: A slow pattern of less than 60 beats a minute is considered tachycardia.

Symptoms of arrhythmia

Most of the time, arrhythmias do not show any symptoms. In order to determine if you have it, you should visit your doctor for a physical exam. However, in some cases, people with arrhythmias may experience:

  • Feelings of skipped heartbeats or pounding heart
  • Lightheadedness
  • Unconsciousness
  • Breathlessness
  • Pain in the chest
  • Tiredness or weakness

What are the treatments

If you notice a few symptoms above, you should seek medical attention. Treatment plans may vary depending on the types of arrhythmias.

For low heartbeats, a pacemaker is usually recommended. It is a small device with a pulse generator implanted near your collarbone. Whenever your heart starts to slow down or stop, this pacemaker will send impulses to your heart muscle, triggering it to beat.

For fast heartbeats, available options are:

  • Vagal maneuvers can be used to stop arrhythmias. They do not work for all the time though.
  • Medications to keep your heart beats under control

In some cases, surgeries (the maze procedure and coronary bypass surgery) might be necessary. However, most patients still need a pacemaker after the procedure.

Medical therapies have shown some benefits in treating arrhythmias. Although there is not enough research for a conclusion about their effectiveness as a kind of treatment for arrhythmias, you can try those alternative therapies to enhance the result from conventional medications. Especially if your condition results from stress, yoga, meditation and other relaxation techniques will greatly help release the pressure on your heart. Acupuncture and fish oil may also help sometimes.

Arrhythmias can be relieved with a healthy lifestyle that keeps the heart strong. You can start by adopting a balanced diet, have an exercising routine and take care of your health.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.

Read also:

    Was this article helpful for you ?
    happy unhappy"
    Sources

    You might also like

    6 things about men health

    Since men usually consider themselves as the stronger gender, they tend to overlook their health issues. This may account for the fact that

    Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Written by Phuong Tran

    Asbestos Related Lung Disease

    When people breathe those tiny fibers in, they will get stuck in the lungs, causing many serious lung diseases. It is called asbestos poisoning.

    Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Written by Phuong Tran

    Erectile Dysfunction Is Your Worst Enemy

    Erectile dysfunction is a condition in which a male is unable to achieve and maintain an erection during sexual intercourse.

    Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Written by Phuong Tran

    Recommended for you

    erection

    Why Does My Penis Erect for No Reason?

    Written by Phat Nguyen
    Published on 12/12/2016

    The Secret Behind Angina

    Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Written by Phuong Tran
    Published on 08/10/2016

    The Death Of Aneurysm And How To Avoid It

    Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Written by Phuong Tran
    Published on 08/10/2016

    Male reproductive system explainations

    Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Written by Phuong Tran
    Published on 08/10/2016