Breast cancer is a common disease and mortality accounted leading cancer among women in many countries around the world. Today, with the development of science and technology in medicine, patients can choose their own surgical methods to treat breast cancer. Breast cancer surgery is one of the main treatments for this disease.
The goal of surgery breast cancer is to completely remove the tumor, to determine if cancer cells have spread to lymph nodes or not, and to treat breast cancer in place. The choice of surgical approach depends on these factors: the size and location of the tumor, the size of breasts, the development and spread of cancer to the lymph nodes, general health, choices of patients and treatments are applied before. Here are some surgical methods that are most common for breast cancer.
Surgical removal of the tumor
Surgery to remove the cancerous area known as surgical removal of the tumor, or extensive on-site surgery. The doctor will remove cancer and the surrounding healthy tissue. This tissue is examined under a microscope, if the surrounding tissue containing cancer cells, it is necessary to remove more regions. After surgery, patients need radiotherapy to kill the remaining cancer cells to prevent relapse. Surgical removal of the tumor usually advantageous is better aesthetic results, helped women more satisfied with their body, faster recovery time and less impact on daily activities. However, radiotherapy can be a long process, most women receive radiation in about 6 weeks, with a number of common side effects. Also, because sometimes conserving surgery can not remove the entire tumor, breast cancer cells can be leftover can recur, patients will be forced to remove all breast.
Surgical removal of the entire breast
Some women have surgery to remove the entire breast if there is a large tumor, especially small breast size, a lump in the middle of your chest; there is more than one area of cancer, other areas of the breast is breast cancer on the spot meaning that cancer without invasive. Mastectomy is a method that can help patients feel reassured because cancer has been completely removed, reducing the risk of cancer recurrence and the patient will not need radiation therapy after the surgery several times. This method also has some disadvantages, such as the need to take time to recover and have many side effects, such as chronic pain; Mastectomy is a breast removed permanently, should be able to make patients inferiority, guilt about their appearance; after mastectomy surgery, many patients have breast reconstruction surgery or using the supported products.
Dissection axillary lymph nodes
Breast cancer often spreads to the lymph nodes first, therefore, with those who are in the early stage of breast cancer, the doctor must check whether the lymph nodes under the arm has been spread yet. If you have cancer, your doctor will dissection of lymph node cancer.
Breast cancer surgery can help cure the disease or at least prolong life for patients. Before you choose any method, you need to carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages to decide which option is best for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.