Drug Allergy

Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh | Oleh

Kemas kini Tarikh 12/05/2020 . 2 minit bacaan
Share now

A drug allergy is a condition in which your immune system overreacts to medications. Any kind of medications can induce allergic reactions.

What is a drug allergy?

The first time you take the medication, you may not notice anything wrong. But, your immune system may be silently producing antibodies against that drug. The next time that drug enters your system, the antibodies will make your white blood cells release histamine. It is responsible for your allergy symptoms. Common medications that can induce drug allergies are:

Medications for seizures

  • Insulin
  • Iodine
  • Antibiotics, such as Penicillin
  • Sulfa drugs
  • Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Monoclonal antibody therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Side effects of a drug cannot be considered allergic reactions. For example, aspirin may cause hives or trigger an asthma attack without involving the immune system.

Symptoms of drug allergies

Most drug allergies cause skin rashes and hives, which may appear right away or hours after being administered the drug.

Common symptoms of a drug allergy include:

  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Rashes
  • Swellings
  • Wheezing

Symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Stomachache
  • Confusion
  • Abnormal bowels movement
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hoarseness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid pulse and heart rate

How to diagnose drug allergies?

Your doctor needs to know about your medical history and the severity of your symptoms for a thorough diagnosis. If you are allergic to an antibiotic (penicillin, for example), he may request skin testing to confirm it. Unfortunately, skin testing does not work for all cases. Sometimes, a skin test may be dangerous if extreme reactions to a certain drug. In that case. your doctor will simply cross that medicine off your treatment plan. Allergy test is not necessary if there are other drug options.

What are the treatments?

Medications are often prescribed to relieve the allergic reactions. For example,  antihistamine and topical treatments to ease the skin discomfort. If the allergy results in restricted airways, you will need bronchodilators to fix that. If you exhibit anaphylaxis symptoms, you will need an epinephrine shot to subside the symptoms first. Then, you must seek emergency medical care, even if the symptoms have disappeared completely.

In most cases, if you are found allergic to a drug, the only necessary thing to do is eliminate it from your prescription. However, if nothing else can treat your condition, you will need a process called drug desensitization. It is a form of immunotherapy. In this process, you will get shots of tiny amounts of the drug you are allergic to. The doses will be increased over time to help your body build a tolerance.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.

Hello Health Group tidak memberikan nasihat perubatan, diagnosis atau rawatan.

Adakah artikel ini membantu anda?
happy unhappy
Rujukan

Baca juga:

    Anda mungkin berminat dengan artikel berikut

    Bagaimana Doktor Melakukan Diagnosis?

    Antara perkara utama dalam pekerjaan seorang doktor ialah membuat di diagnosis penyakit. Tanpa mengesahkan sesuatu penyakit, rawatan yang tepat tidak akan dapat diberikan. Doktor bukan seorang ahli sihir yang meramal ...

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Dr. Amy
    Ditulis oleh Muhamad Firdaus Rahim
    Gaya Hidup Sihat, Tips Kesihatan 19/12/2018 . 2 minit bacaan

    Allergy Treatment: Allergy Shots and Allergy Drops

    In cases where allergen exposure is inevitable, you can choose to have immunotherapy. Immunotherapy can be allergy shots or allergy drops.

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Ditulis oleh Phuong Tran

    Allergy Treatment: Immunotherapy – Allergy Shots

    If the symptoms are severe, or you cannot avoid exposure to allergens, immunotherapy, or allergy shots, may work for you.

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Ditulis oleh Phuong Tran

    Allergy Symptom: Dizziness

    Dizziness may have many underlying causes, ranging from dehydration to serious medical conditions. One of the possible causes is allergy.

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Hello Doktor Medical Panel
    Ditulis oleh Phuong Tran

    Artikel lain untuk anda

    penyakit prostat

    Menghidap Kanser Prostat, Jangan Takut Untuk Buat Saringan Awal & Diagnosis Ini

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Panel Perubatan Hello Doktor
    Ditulis oleh Mohammad Nazri Zulkafli
    Diterbitkan pada 22/10/2020 . 6 minit bacaan
    kanser payudara, glikogen

    Adakah Ini Merupakan Kunci Kepada Rawatan Kanser Payudara Agresif?

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Dr. Gabriel Tang Pei Yung
    Ditulis oleh Mohammad Nazri Zulkafli
    Diterbitkan pada 29/10/2019 . 3 minit bacaan
    keytruda

    Gabungan Keytruda dan Kemoterapi Bantu Pesakit Kanser Paru-Paru dengan Lebih Berkesan

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Dr. Shelby
    Ditulis oleh Muhammad Wa'iz
    Diterbitkan pada 20/01/2019 . 2 minit bacaan

    Mengapa Doktor Sering Membawa Stetoskop ke Mana-Mana?

    Fakta Perubatan Disemak oleh Dr. Amy
    Ditulis oleh Muhamad Firdaus Rahim
    Diterbitkan pada 19/12/2018 . 2 minit bacaan