Dopamine hydrochloride

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Kemas kini Tarikh 12/05/2020 . 4 minit bacaan
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Know the basics

What is dopamine hydrochloride used for?

Dopamine hydrochloride (DOPamine®, Abbodop®) is commonly used for the treatment of hemodynamic status in patients with shock syndrome caused by heart attack, trauma, open-heart surgery, renal failure, congestive heart failure, and other causes. This drug improves urine flow, blood pressure, blood flow to vital organs, and heart function.

How should I take dopamine hydrochloride?

For injection form, you should:

  • Receive dopamine injected by a dose calculated by your doctor;
  • Read the label carefully before using dopamine hydrochloride;
  • Consult your doctor for any information on the label that you do not clearly understand.

How do I store dopamine hydrochloride?

Dopamine hydrochloride is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store dopamine hydrochloride in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of dopamine hydrochloride that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush dopamine hydrochloride down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Know the precautions & warnings

What should I know before using dopamine hydrochloride?

Before using dopamine hydrochloride, tell your doctor if you have:

  • Allergic reaction to any other medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals;
  • Pediatric;
  • Geriatric;
  • Used any other health conditions, drugs that have a risk of interaction with dopamine hydrochloride as listed below.

Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

There isn’t enough information about the safety of using dopamine hydrochloride during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking dopamine hydrochloride.

Know the side effects

What side effects can occur from dopamine hydrochloride?

As taking others medicines, taking dopamine hydrochloride can cause some side effects. Most of them are rarely occurring and do not need any supplementary treatment. However, it is always important for you to consult your doctor if you have any problem after taking this medicine.

Some of the side effects are listed below:

  • Increased heart rate;
  • Abnormal heart rhythm;
  • Increased or decreased blood pressure;
  • Disordered breathing;
  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Headache;
  • Increased blood urea nitrogen.

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Know the interactions

What drugs may interact with dopamine hydrochloride?

Dopamine hydrochloride may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval, such as:

  • Selegiline(Eldepryl®, Zelapar®);
  • Linezolid(Zyvox®);
  • MAIO inhibitors like phenelzine (Nardil®);
  • Isocarboxazid (Marplan®);
  • Tricyclic antidepressants(for example, amitriptyline [Elavil®, Endep®])
  • Norepinephrine.

Does food or alcohol interact with dopamine hydrochloride?

Dopamine hydrochloride may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

What health conditions may interact with dopamine hydrochloride?

Dopamine hydrochloride may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have, especially: pheochromocytoma, abnormal heart rate, and rhythm.

Understand the dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using dopamine hydrochloride.

What is the dose of dopamine hydrochloride for an adult?

Consult your doctor for information about the dose of dopamine hydrochloride. Recommended doses in some cases are listed below:

  • To increase urine output and kidney blood flow: take a low dose of 1 to 5 mcg/kg/minute IV.
  • To increase kidney blood flow, cardiac output and contractility, and heart rate: take an intermediate dose of 5 to 15 mcg/kg/minute IV.
  • IV to increase blood pressure and stimulate vasoconstriction: take a high dose of 20 to 50 mcg/kg/minute and can increase by 1 to 4 mcg/kg/minute at 10 to 30 minutes intervals until desired response is achieved.

What is the dose of dopamine hydrochloride for a child?

The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How is dopamine hydrochloride available?

Dopamine hydrochloride is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Additive solutions for IV infusion: 40, 80, 160 mg/ml.
  • Infusion Solution: 80, 160, 320, mg/100 ml.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services (115) or go to your nearest emergency room.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of dopamine hydrochloride, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

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