Afrin

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Update Date 12/05/2020
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Uses

What is Afrin® (oxymetazoline) used for?

Afrin® is commonly used to relieve congestion temporarily in the nose, which is caused by these health conditions including the common cold, sinusitis, hay fever, and allergies. It works by narrowing the blood vessels in the nose area, reducing swelling and congestion.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Dosage

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication.

What is the dose of Afrin® (oxymetazoline) for an adult?

2 or 3 sprays in each nostril, every 10 to 12 hours. Do not exceed 2 doses in any 24-hour period.

What is the dose of Afrin® (oxymetazoline) for a child?

Younger than 6 years:

Safety and efficacy not established.

6 years or older:

2 or 3 sprays in each nostril, every 10 to 12 hours. Do not exceed 2 doses in any 24-hour period.

Directions

How should I take Afrin® (oxymetazoline)?

Afrin® Nasal Spray:

  • To spray, squeeze bottle quickly and firmly.
  • Spray 2 or 3 times in each nostril, every 10 to 12 hours. Do not exceed 2 doses in any 24-hour period.
  • Do not tilt head backward while spraying.
  • Wipe nozzle clean after use.

Afrin® Pump Mist:

  • Shake well before use.
  • Before using the first time, remove the cap and prime the metered pump by depressing firmly several times.
  • To spray, hold bottle with thumb at base and nozzle between first and second fingers. Fully depress rim with a firm, even stroke and sniff deeply.
  • Do not tilt head while spraying.
  • Spray 2 or 3 times in each nostril, every 10 to 12 hours. Do not exceed 2 doses in any 24-hour period.
  • Wipe nozzle clean after use.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use medication.

What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?

In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services or go to your nearest emergency room.

It is also important to carry a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking with you in case of emergencies.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose of Afrin®, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.

Side effects

What side effects can occur from Afrin® (oxymetazoline)?

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

Afrin® may cause these side effects, such as:

  • Temporary burning;
  • Stinging;
  • Dryness in the nose;
  • Runny nose;
  • Sneezing;
  • Slow/fast/pounding heartbeat;
  • Dizziness;
  • Nausea;
  • Headache;
  • Mental/mood changes;
  • Trouble sleeping;
  • Shaking (tremors);
  • Unusual sweating;
  • Unusual weakness;
  • Allergic reaction.

Precautions/Warnings

What should I know before using Afrin® (oxymetazoline)?

Consult with your doctor or pharmacist, If:

  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding. This is because, while you are expecting or feeding a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
  • You are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, such as herbal and complementary medicines.
  • You have allergy with any of active or inactive ingredients of Afrin® or other medications.
  • You have any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, enlarged prostate, diabetes, overactive thyroid, or heart disease.
  • You have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.

Is it safe in specific conditions (e.g. pregnancy, breastfeeding, or surgery)?

Surgery:

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Pregnancy:

There are no adequate studies in women for determining risk when using this medication during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking this medication.

This medication is pregnancy risk category C, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

FDA pregnancy risk category reference below:

  • A=No risk;
  • B=No risk in some studies;
  • C=There may be some risk;
  • D=Positive evidence of risk;
  • X=Contraindicated;
  • N=Unknown.

Breastfeeding:

Excretion in milk unknown; use with caution.

Always consult your health care provider prior to using Afrin® if you are pregnant, breastfeeding.

Interactions

What drugs may interact with Afrin® (oxymetazoline)?

Afrin® may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.

Taking MAO inhibitors with Afrin® may cause a serious (possibly fatal) drug interaction.

Does food or alcohol interact with Afrin® (oxymetazoline)?

Afrin® may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.

How do I store Afrin® (oxymetazoline)?

Afrin® is best stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store Afrin® in the bathroom or the freezer. There may be different brands of Afrin® that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.

You should not flush Afrin® down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.

How is Afrin® (oxymetazoline) available?

Afrin® is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:

  • Afrin® Original 15ml, 30ml Nasal Spray.
  • Afrin® Original 15ml Pump Mist.
  • Afrin® Sinus 15ml Nasal Spray.
  • Afrin® Severe Congestion 15ml Nasal Spray.
  • Afrin® No Drip Original 15ml Pump Mist.
  • Afrin® No Drip Extra Moisturizing 15ml Pump Mist.
  • Afrin® No Drip Sinus 15ml Pump Mist.
  • Afrin® No Drip Severe Congestion 15ml Pump Mist.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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