Know the basics
What is Charcot Marie Tooth?
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is named after the first of the three doctors found out, this is the name of a group of diseases of peripheral nerve disorders caused by genetics. Since peripheral nerves direct control should extremities peripheral nerve disorder causes muscles in the legs, hands, feet, weakness or loss of sensation.
How common is Charcot Marie Tooth?
CMT is an inherited disease, but often not immediately appear symptoms that often largely spontaneous aged 10 to 20. However, there are also cases does not arise until 60 years old.
Percentage of male patients was 3 times CMT patients CMT female. Although this disease can affect daily activities but CMT usually not fatal and does not shorten the life.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of charcot marie tooth disease?
Charcot – Marie – Tooth (CMT) do not have symptoms after birth. The patient cannot detect her illness until symptoms appear. The most common symptoms include:
- Muscle weakness;
- Loss of muscle tone, muscle contraction means cannot from the knees down.
- Shape foot abnormal (high arches, arched toes);
- Go back hard;
- Muscle cramps;
- Pain in the bones and muscles;
- The non-healing leg ulcers.
Additionally, other symptoms may include:
- Deformation toes;
- Proof shake paws, ie inoperable ankles;
- Loss of feeling (without feeling as hot, cold, or touch);
- Numbness extremities;
- Feeling unsteady or off balance.
There may be other symptoms and signs are not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
The patient needs medical care immediately if he has muscle weakness, especially in the calf and hand. Relatives of Charcot – Marie – Tooth (CMT) patient also needs to see a doctor for advice about inherited by CMT is an inherited disease and is not preventable. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.
Know the causes
What causes charcot marie tooth disease?
The cause of the disease Charcot – Marie – Tooth (CMT) as specified by the gene structure and function of peripheral nerves are mutated. This mutation makes the nerve function disorder, which control signals transmitted from the brain to the muscles in the arms or legs. As a result, weakened limbs or inoperable. Besides, because of the feedback from the body parts do not reach the nerve center so patients often stiff and without feeling pain or hot air.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for charcot marie tooth disease?
Since Charcot – Marie – Tooth (CMT) disease is genetic so your risk will be high if the family member is CMT. Additionally, patients can detect early symptoms if affected by other neurological diseases or metabolic diseases such as diabetes.
If you do not have risk factors, it does not mean you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
What are your treatment options for Charcot Marie Tooth?
The disease Charcot – Marie – Tooth can not be cured completely. However, physical therapy can help the muscles become stronger and increase blood circulation to the extremities.
If the patient is not too severe, the patient may still normal activities with the assistance of leg braces, special shoes and shoe inserts to prevent damage ligaments and muscle tendons.
The doctor may prescribe pain medication for symptoms numbness and pain. Your doctor may suggest surgery to put splints or braces to match the patient not injured, simultaneously, increasing their ability to exercise for patients.
What are the most common tests for Charcot Marie Tooth?
Doctors diagnose Charcot – Marie – Tooth by performing tests neurotransmitters. In addition, the doctor will perform tests required electrical impulse conduction (EMG) or biopsy nerve to find genetic mutations. Nerve biopsy is the technical study of nerve samples using a microscope.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage charcot marie tooth disease?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Charcot Marie Tooth:
- Re-examination appointments for monitoring progression of symptoms as well as health status.
- Listen to the guidance of a doctor, not arbitrarily medication not specified or arbitrarily abandon prescription medication was prescribed.
- Have a positive attitude to themselves;
- Follow your doctor’s offer physiotherapy and rehabilitation.
- Get advice from people who have experienced this disease.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: April 17, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L., Homeier, B. P., & Albert, R. K. (2009). The Merck manual home health handbook. Whitehouse Station, NJ, Merck Research Laboratories. Page 829