Age-related maculopathy



What is age-related maculopathy?

Age-related maculopathy (ARM) is a medical condition which may result in blurred or no vision in the center of the visual field. Most of the time, this condition appears gradually and progresses from early stage to advanced stage.

How common is age-related maculopathy?

Age-related maculopathy is common, especially in elderly generation. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.


What are the symptoms of age-related maculopathy?

There are different types of ARM, and symptoms of the disease vary from one person to another. In general, the disease starts with blurred central vision, along with a growing central black spot. Other symptoms include:

  • Loss of ability to distinguish colour contrasts
  • Distorted vision
  • Images that fade or blend together
  • Near and distance vision is blurry and out of focus

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you think you may have ARM, it is important to consult an eye-care specialist who can diagnose it.


What causes age-related maculopathy?

As its name indicates, age-related maculopathy is an eye disease that can be caused by aging.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for age-related maculopathy?

You are more likely to develop ARM if a member of your family has had it, if you are Caucasian or if you are a woman. Other risk factors for ARM are:

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is age-related maculopathy diagnosed?

Because loss of vision due to ARM cannot be reversed, it is vital to embrace a healthy daily lifestyle so that you can protect your eyes’ health. In addition, there are some over-the-counter supplements of antioxidant vitamins and minerals that can delay the progression of ARM. Discuss it with your eye-care specialist or with your pharmacist. But be careful; the formulation you choose depends in part on whether you smoke or not, or whether you once smoked in your lifetime. It is therefore important to mention your smoking habits to your health professional.

How is age-related maculopathy treated?

The choice of medical treatments for ARM is very limited and depends on the type of ARM you have. Your eye-care specialist can give you more information on the different types of treatments available, as well as their advantages and disadvantages.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage age-related maculopathy?

Fortunately, there are some measures you can take to prevent ARM and its progression. Here are some examples:

  • Stop smoking.
  • Protect your eyes against the sun.
  • Eat healthy and increase your intake of foods that are high in antioxidants and omega-3. Eat more dark-green vegetables.
  • Make sure that your blood pressure is normal.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Take a supplement of vitamins and minerals, as per the recommendations of your pharmacist or doctor.
  • Consult your eye-care specialist as often as recommended for a complete check-up.
  • For many people, it can be difficult to adapt to the new reality of a major loss of vision. As is the case with many other diseases, adopting preventative measures can allow you to limit the consequences of ARM on your health and quality of life. Ask your pharmacist to provide you with information on products that are sold over the counter to prevent or slow down ARM, such as vitamin and mineral supplements and omega-3.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.


Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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