Eggs and Sperms


Have you ever wondered how eggs and sperms work? Similarly, how does the conception procedure happen? This article will answer all of the questions.

Inside the woman’s body

How are eggs formed?

The ovaries, which are the two small, oval organs linked to either side of the uterus (also known as womb), are what make it possible for women to get pregnant. These organs are packed with eggs and are always there the entire life of a woman, even before she was born. In fact, every little girl is born with approximately 1 to 2 million eggs in her ovaries.

How do they develop?

During the period of time when the menstrual cycle kicks in, or after the period, one to three eggs reach maturity. The process when the ripest egg is released from the ovaries is known as the ovulation. Ovulation usually takes place within 12 to 14 days before the next period starts. According to each individual, the exact time of ovulation will vary.

How do they contribute to the conception?

After being released from the ovaries, the ripest eggs are only fertilizable within 24 hours. If during this period of time, the egg is not fertilized by a sperm, the egg ends it journey at the uterus and disintegrates. On the other hand, if the egg gets to make contact with a healthy and strong sperm on its way to the uterus, there is a high probability that a new life is being created.

Inside the man’s body

How are sperms made and how do they develop?

The hormone that controls ovulation in women’s bodies is estrogen while the one that stimulates the sperm production in men is testosterone. The testicles, which are two glands contained in the scrotal sac beneath the penis are what produce sperm. The testicles hang outside the body of men as they are very sensitive to temperature and temperature alteration. To stay healthy, and to produce healthy sperm, it is the best if they are at balmy 34 degree C.

From the begining to the end of the procedure of creating a new sperm cell, it will take up to two or three months. The average life span of sperms is approximately few weeks inside a man’s body.

How do sperms contribute to the conception?

It is true that once a month, women’s bodies usually mature and release a single egg. Meanwhile, men are more consistent at creating life as each time they ejaculate, millions of microscopic sperms (at least 40 million of sperms) are released. Among millions of its own kind, a sperm only has one purpose: to swim towards and penetrate an egg bringing a new baby to life.

With the information on how eggs and sperms are created, you may now have a more thorough outlook of the matter. Remember to visit the hospital or the clinic where there are legit doctors or health care providers to get a full check-up at least once a year to make sure your reproductive system is functioning properly.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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Review Date: March 7, 2017 | Last Modified: November 25, 2019

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