Know the basics
What is testosterone used for?
Testosterone is used in men and boys to treat conditions caused by a lack of this hormone such as delayed puberty, impotence, or other hormonal imbalances. This drug is also used in women to treat breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
How should I take testosterone?
This medication is given by injection or subcutaneous inflammation by your doctor.
How do I store testosterone?
Testosterone is best stored in the refrigerator. To prevent drug damage, do not freeze. There may be different brands of testosterone that may have different storage needs. It is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush testosterone down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. It is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Know the precautions & warnings
What should I know before using testosterone?
You should not receive testosterone if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- Prostate cancer;
- Male breast cancer;
- A serious heart condition;
- Severe liver disease;
- Severe kidney disease;
- You are pregnant or may become pregnant.
To make sure testosterone is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have some symptoms below:
- Enlarged prostate;
- Heart disease or coronary artery disease;
- A history of heart attack, stroke, or blood clot;
- High cholesterol or triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood);
- Breast cancer (in men, or in women who have hypercalcemia);
- Liver or kidney disease;
- You are bedridden or otherwise debilitated;
- You take a blood thinner (warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven).
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
There isn’t enough information about the safety of using testosterone during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Please always consult with your doctor to weigh the potential benefits and risks before taking testosterone.
Know the side effects
What side effects can occur from testosterone?
|Pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg;||Change in taste;|
|Trouble breathing, breast pain;||Cough;|
|Gum or mouth irritation, bleeding gums;||Crying;|
|Blemishes on the skin;||Diarrhea;|
|Discouragement;||Dizziness, dry mouth;|
|Enlarged breasts;||Fear or nervousness;|
|Feeling sad or empty;||Gum pain or blisters;|
|Quick to react or overreact emotionally;||Stomach cramps, pain, or discomfort.|
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not listed above. If you have any concerns about a side-effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Know the interactions
What drugs may interact with testosterone?
Testosterone may interact with other drugs that you are currently taking, which can change how your drug works or increase your risk for serious side effects. To avoid any potential drug interactions, you should keep a list of all the drugs you are using (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. For your safety, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drugs without your doctor’s approval.
- Some products that may interact with this drug include blood thinners (such as warfarin).
Does food or alcohol interact with testosterone?
Testosterone may interact with food or alcohol by altering the way the drug works or increase the risk for serious side effects. Please discuss with your doctor or pharmacist any potential food or alcohol interactions before using this drug.
What health conditions may interact with testosterone?
Testosterone may interact with your health condition. This interaction may worsen your health condition or alter the way the drug works. It is important to always let your doctor and pharmacist know all the health conditions you currently have, especially:
- Cancer (such as breast cancer in men, prostate cancer);
- Blood clots (such as in the leg, lungs);
- Heart disease(such as heart failure, chest pain, heart attack), stroke;
- Liver problems, kidney problems, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, enlarged prostate, sleep apnea, diabetes.
Understand the dosage
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. You should ALWAYS consult with your doctor or pharmacist before using testosterone.
What is the dose of testosterone for an adult?
Usual pediatric dose for delayed puberty in male
- Intramuscular injection: Testosterone Enanthate 50 to 200 mg every 2 to 4 weeks for 4 to 6 months;
- Implant: 2 pellets (each pellet contain 75 mg of testosterone) implanted subcutaneously every 3 to 6 months. Duration of therapy: 4 to 6 months.
Usual adult dose for breast cancer
Intramuscular injection: Testosterone Enanthate 200 to 400 mg every 2 to 4 weeks.
Usual adult dose for hypogonadism in male
- Testosterone Undecanoate: 750 mg (3 mL), followed by 750 mg (3 mL) after 4 weeks, then 750 mg (3 mL) every 10 weeks thereafter.
- Testosterone Enanthate and Cypionate: 50 to 400 mg every 2 to 4 weeks.
Implant: 2 to 6 pellets (75 mg each) implanted subcutaneously every 3 to 6 months.
What is the dose of testosterone for a child?
The dosage has not been established in pediatric patients. It may be unsafe for your child. It is always important to fully understand the safety of the drug before using. Please consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How is testosterone available?
Testosterone is available in the following dosage forms and strengths:
- Injections and implants.
What should I do in case of an emergency or overdose?
In case of an emergency or an overdose, call your local emergency services (115) or go to your nearest emergency room.
Some symptoms of overdose:
- Blurred vision;
- Slurred speech;
- Sudden and severe inability to speak;
- Temporary blindness;
- Weakness in the arm or leg on one side of the body, sudden and severe.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose of testosterone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your regular dose as scheduled. Do not take a double dose.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: September 25, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Testosterone Enanthate Intramuscular. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-14154/testosterone-enanthate-intramuscular/details#precautions. Accessed September 18, 2016.
Testosterone Cypionate Intramuscular. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-5185/testosterone-cypionate-intramuscular/details#interactions. Accessed September 18, 2016.