Development & Behavior
How should my baby be developing?
Your baby can now see and hear almost things in the world as well as you do. Their communication skills are expanding rapidly too, such as their squeals, bubbling sounds, and operatic octave changes. Their sounds can demonstrate their attitude or response to objects – such as happiness, eagerness, or even satisfaction with a problem well solved.
In the last week of the fifth month, your baby may be able to:
- Lift the body to stand up from sitting position;
- Stand by holding on someone or something;
- Make efforts if they want to take a toy away of their reach;
- Try to get a toy out of reach;
- Pass the cube or other objects from one hand to the other;
- Search for objects that they had dropped, scratch small objects and pick it up by using their whole hand (so leave dangerous items out of reach of children);
- Have the ability to see and hear like adults;
- Babble, combine vowels and consonants as ga-ga-ga, ba-ba-ba, ma-ma, da-da-da.
How to support my baby?
You can encourage your baby by babbling to your baby and playing small game on words with your baby (“The sheeps go”, “beee” or “goats go, maaa”). Or when you hear the baby say one syllable that you can not identify what it is, please respond warmly with questions like, “Yeah, it’s a car! See how shiny red paint it is?”. Your baby will be happy to continue their story.
Health & Safety
What should I discuss with my doctor?
Most doctors will not arrange health checks for your baby this month. On the positive side, it means that there is no serious problem with the baby. On the negative side, it means that you will not be able to recognize how your baby develop. Prepare questions for checks in the next month, but do not be afraid to call your doctor right away if you have any problems that make you interested or worried that you cannot wait until the next follow-up visit.
What should I know?
Here are some things you should know about:
The doctor may recommend injections with some infant vaccines for hepatitis B, tetanus, polio, whooping cough and rotavirus vaccines. Pneumococcal vaccines will help them fight against bacterial meningitis, pneumonia and ear infections; Hib vaccines against bacteria Haemophilus Influenzae type B (can cause bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, epiglottitis); and the rotavirus vaccine will help fight against a virus that causes stomach flu. Also, in the influenza season, they can also take influenza vaccine.
How to help baby not to feel afraid of the shots?
Ask your doctor or nurse if you can keep the baby inside instead of letting your baby lie on the table when being injected. Keep calm and distract your baby by talking to them in a soft attractive voice. They will feel your body language. You can give your baby a bottle, pacifier, the nipple soon afterwards to calm the crying baby. Some evidence shows that breast-feeding yourbaby when they have shots may help them cry less.
However, these injections don’t guarantee to protect your baby completely. Some vaccines need to be given again several times in a certain period of time to ensure that your child is immune altogether. The risks of not injections are much greater than those relatively slight risk of one immunization. The severe reactions that may occur due to the injection is very rare. So it’s best to give them the complete vaccination. Watch your child carefully after the shots and tell your doctor if you realize any serious reactions in child.
For newborns in families with a history of allergies, your doctor will give the following precautions for the baby.
- Give your baby solid foods to eat later. Currently, many experts believe that the later potential allergens are detected, the less the likelihood of allergies. Therefore, most doctors recommend to delay weaning, especially if you or your partner or your family members have a genetic allergy.
- Continue to breastfeed. Bottle-fed children are more likely to be allergic than breastfeeding ones because milk is a relatively common cause that creates an allergic reaction. If you are breastfeeding your baby, continue to breastfeed throughout the first year of their life. You can also use soy milk origin for the baby, but you should note that there are some children may be allergic to soy. For some infants, hydrolyzed milk protein formula will be more appropriate.
- Offer weaning with food category which is diverse. If the family has a history of allergies, your baby should try gradually each separate food. You should feed your baby with trying new foods during the week before the baby transferrs to a different type of food. If your baby has signs like dizziness, rash (including nappy rash), spitting too much, wheezing or runny nose, stop using this food immediately for at least several weeks. You should only feed baby these foods again when your baby’s body can absorb these foods without any danger.
- Offer hypoallergenic food first. Rice grains for baby is less likely to cause allergic reactions and it is recommended the most by experts when you supply food foods for your baby in weaning process. Barley and oats are also more hypoallergenic. Most fruits and vegetables rarely cause irritation in children, but many experts suggest that you should not feed your baby when berries and tomatoes begin feeding. Also you shouldn’t let your baby eat shellfish, peas, bean at this stage. Morever, you should avoid feeding your baby with foods that can cause allergies such as peanuts, some spices and chocolate when they are three years old.
Most allergies in children often disappear when they grow up. So, even if your child is hyper sensitive to milk, wheat or other foods, please be patient waiting for the allergic symptoms may disappear in a few years.
Use your back to hold your baby in a safe way
When your baby can sit up by themselves, even for a short period of time, this is when they are ready to move to use a baby sling. Some parents find it very comfortable and convenient. Other parents feel embarrassed and have muscle strain. Some babies are happy while the other babies are annoyed by this volatility chair.
To know the chair in back can be fit for your children or not, let the children try on the back seat when you try samples. If you use a baby sling, always ensure that your child is securely tightened. You should also note that this position allows the baby to do many things behind you rather than just looking around, including pulling cans off the shelves in supermarkets, knocking over a vase in the gift shop, collecting leaves from the bushes and trees in the park. Remember that when you buy this type of bag, you have to have different estimates of distance – for example, when you enter a crowded elevator or pass through a low doorway.
What I am concerned about?
Here are some things you may be concerned about:
Teach your child how to use a cup
Teach your baby how to use a cup will give them a lot of benefit. First, they will learn that there are many drinks and drink methods beside breast milk or bottle. Knowing how to use a cup can helpeasily give up breastfeeding or bottle – feeding. In addition, the use of a cup also helps your child to drink water, juice or milk more easily and you do not need additional feeding or bottle – feeding. Take these tips to help them easily use the cup early and successfully:
- Wait until your baby can sit without support. This helps reduce the risk of choking or aspiration.
- Choose an appropriate cup for them. Every child may have a favorite cup. You should try to use the different types of cups until you find the cup that they like the most. Some children like to have a cup with one or two handles, while others like cup without a handle.
- Choose a safety cup. Even when holding the cup, they might toss it to the ground or lose patience by banging on the table. So make sure that you use a cup which can not be braked easily. A cup that has heavy weight at the bottom is not a good idea. Paper cups or plastic cups, even unbreakable ones, will not help train your baby because it can easily tear or crack.
- Don’t be overprotective. Your baby may only learn if you let them make mistakes. Teaching your child to drink wit a cup may create a big mess. Sometimes, the water will drip down your baby’s chin or stomach. It’s fine. Your baby will become more proficient over time. You can help your baby by using a waterproof bib. If you’re holding your baby on your lap, you can use a square towel or waterproof apron to prevent a big mess.
- Create comfort. Make sure your baby is comfortable when they are on your lap, in an infant seat or feeding chair.
- Give your baby suitable beverages. The easist and least messy method to start is with water. Once they have mastered drinking water in a cup, you can switch to breast milk or formula (do not use enough milk when they are one year old) or dilute fruit juice. Make use of water also you need to choose drinks based on the baby’s taste: some babies just accept to drink a glass of juice rather than milk while others just like milk at the beginning.
- Use techniques. Only pour a small amount of liquid in the cup. Hold the glass at their lips and slowly pour a few drops into their mouth. Then take the cup away to let the baby swallow without choking. You should stop doing it when your baby is showing signal that they got enough liquid by turning, pushing the glass away. Even with these tips, you can still see that the liquid flowing out of their mouth as much as the water enters. Remember, practice several times, keep patience, persistence and effort, then you will succeed.
- Encourage your child to participate. They may be trying to take the cup from your hand with the thought “I prefer to do it myself.” Let them try. Few babies can manage with glasses at too young age, sodo not be disappointed if they spilled everything out. It’s part of the learning process.
- Don’t pressure your baby. If your baby still refuses to use a cup after trying a few times and even after you have tried a lot of different liquids and different types of cups, do not force the baby to accept the cups. Instead, put the cups on the shelves for a few weeks. When you try again, you can use a cup with a little exaggerated action (“Look at what mommy has for you!”) This will make your baby more excited. Or you can leave an empty cup for your baby to explore, like a toy in the meantime that you wait to try again.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Murkoff, Heidi. What to Expect, The First Year. New York: Workman Publishing Company, 2009. Print version. Page 311-344.