Week by Week

What pregnant women need to know in week 21 of pregnancy?

By Medically reviewed by Dr. Duyen Le.

msBahasa Malaysia

Baby Development

How my baby growing?

At this time, the baby is about the size as a carrot. The fetus is now about 26.7 cm in length from head to heel and weighs about 340 g.

Before, the amniotic fluid has cushion and support effects for the baby in the uterus, now it serves another purpose. Your baby’s intestines have developed enough to absorb a small amount of liquid sugar, which is swallowed and passed through the digestive system of the large intestine. However, most infant nutrition has been provided through the placenta.

The baby’s liver and spleen is responsible for the production of blood cells. Bone marrow is developed enough to contribute to the formation of blood cells and becomes the main organ that produces red blood cells since the 9th month of pregnancy and after birth. Pancreas stops producing blood cells in the 30th week  of pregnancy and the liver stops producing blood cells a few weeks before birth.

Body & Life Changes

How is my body changing?

You are probably feeling more comfortable these days. Your belly is not too big and the usual pregnancy discomforts in the early stages are now gone. Feeling good, relax and enjoy it while you can as the trimester may bring you more discomforts and fatigue.

However, there are still many other problems that pregnant women have to deal with. For some women, acne can be a major problem. Acne is caused by an increase in oil production in the body. To reduce the acne, you should diligently wash the acne affected areas with mild soap or cleanser twice a day, and make sure that any moisturizer or makeup that you use does not contain oil. Do not take any drugs orally to treat acne or use any acne products without checking in advance with your doctor as it can be very dangerous for pregnancy.

You may also prone to varicose veins. Developing fetus will put increased pressure on the veins in your legs. Higher hormone progesterone concentrations would cause weaker vains. Also, you are more likely to get varicose veins if other family members have a history of this disease. Additionally, varicose veins tend to get worse when you have consecutive pregnant and getting older. To help prevent or reduce varicose veins, you should exercise every day, prop your feet and legs whenever possible, sleep on your left side and wearing maternity election support.

You may also have spider veins – a small group of blood vessels near the skin surface, especially in the ankles, feet or face. We all have spider veins or small like rays emanating from the sun or the tree branches split from the center, or as a small group of blood rays separated. Although we may be a bit unsightly spider veins but not cause uncomfortable feeling and usually disappears after delivery.

What should I be concerned about?

Time will flies quickly when you have babies and raise them. Before that time swept away, please keep your pregnancy process for future generations by writing journals or using recording devices. Years later, your child (who will no longer be a child any more) will be pleasantly surprised when they see the past – a time before the baby came into this world. Just grab a box, put in it your images before and during pregnancy, your husband, pets, homes, a current magazine and newspaper or any souvenir of this pregnancy you want to keep. No need to bury, just sealed and stored it away until that your child is old enough to appreciate it.

Doctor Visits

What should I tell my doctor?

Although it’s still a few months before you deliver your baby, your breasts have begun to prepare and the result is clogged milk ducts. These hard lumps, redness, and softens when touched on the chest are common in the early days of pregnancy, especially after the 6th scale of pregnancy and after pregnancy. Use warm compresses and gentle massage to be able to clean the ducts in a few days, like when you’re breastfeeding. Some experts suggest that avoiding bras frames would also be useful, but make sure you wear a bra that can support you. Remember that the monthly breast self – exams should still be performed when you are pregnant. Although the examination of tumors would be more complicated because of changes in the breast during pregnancy, the test is still very important. Let your doctor know if you have any lumps in the next time you visit.

What tests should I know about?

From now on, with regular visits to the doctor will become your habits. You may ask your doctor check the following items, although it may vary depending on your specific needs and work styles of doctors:

  • Measure your weight and blood pressure;
  • Check urine for glucose and protein;
  • Check the fetal heartbeat;
  • Measure the size of the uterus by external palpation (feeling from the outside) to see how it correlates to the date of birth;
  • The height of the bottom position (top of the uterus);
  • Check the swelling of hands and feet, check the varicose veins in the legs;
  • The symptoms you have experienced, especially those symptoms are not normal;
  • Prepared a list of questions or issues you want to discuss with your doctor.

Health & Safety

What should I know about being healthy and safe while pregnant?

Caffeine and sweeteners

You can drink diet soda as long as you do not overdo caffeine. You should limit caffeine intake at 200 mg per day. No nutritious sweeteners used in beverages are considered safe, especially if you drink in moderation. If you like these drinks, you can allow yourself to drink one or two cans a day, but make sure you also have to drink water, milk and pure fruit juice to provide enough water and enhanced nutrition for yourselves.

Food which has liver

Animal liver is often considered a healthy food because they are rich in vitamins, minerals and protein, but they contain high levels of vitamin A that have not been transformed, also known as retinol high. Vitamin A that has not been transformed is found in animal products like eggs, milk and liver. Too much vitamin A in your diet can cause birth defects to the growing fetus, especially in the first months of pregnancy. Part of beef liver may contain triple the amount of vitamin A that have not been transformed by the daily maximum amount that the doctor recommended. You should not eat liver every day, but eating 1 or 2 times a month will not harm you.

So next week the fetus will grow like what?

Hello Health Group does not provide any advice, diagnosis or medical treatment.

Sources
You might also like