Week by Week

What pregnant women need to know in week 10 of pregnancy?

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msBahasa Malaysia

Baby Development

How is my baby growing?

During this week, your baby is about the size of a cranberry, weighing about 7 grams and is about 2.54 cm from head to toe. In week 10, all of the baby’s organs have formed but still needs time to mature before birth.

Your baby’s bones and cartilage are forming in the legs to develop the knees and ankles. At the same time the arms are taking shape and becoming stronger. While the bones are getting stronger, the teeth are forming underneath the gums. These won’t break through the gums until at least 6 months old. Other systems are also busy developing such as the digestive system is producing digestive juices while the kidneys are producing urine to be excreted with your urine. If you are having a boy, his testes will start to produce a male hormone called testosterone.

Body & Life Changes

How is my body changing?

Before your pregnancy, your uterus was about the size of a small pear. This week, it has grown to be as big as a grapefruit. Your belly may start to protrude outwards, also known as the baby bump. You might want to consider wearing maternity clothes now. Even though maternity clothes are not required, you will see that your regular clothes are getting uncomfortable and tight at chest level. The reason for your bigger belly is probably due to a slight weight gain and bloating. If you’re torn between normal clothing and maternity clothing, the pants and skirts with elastic material (or low waist under the belly) will be a good way to start.

What should I be concerned about?

You are probably concerned about pregnancy weight gain. Pregnancy weight gain is a natural thing and cannot be avoided. It is important to know how much weight gain is appropriate. In general, you should gain anywhere between 11 kg to 16 kg. This is usually for women who have a normal Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a measure of body fat based on your weight and height. If you are considered underweight, you can afford to gain more weight. If you are overweight, you will need to limit your weight gain to avoid any health complications.

Where is all this weight going? You may think all the weight goes to your belly but this is not true. The weight is distributed to other parts of your body to support your body and to nurture a healthy baby. For example, if you gained about a total of 15 kg during your pregnancy, the breakdown of your weight distribution will be as below:

  • Baby: 3.75 kg
  • Placenta: 0.75 kg
  • Amniotic fluid: 1 kg
  • Uterine enlargement: 1 kg
  • Maternal breast tissue: 1 kg
  • Maternal blood volume: 2 kg
  • Fluids in maternal tissue: 2 kg
  • Maternal fat stores: 3.5 kg

Try not to stress out on your weight gain. As long as you maintain a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, your baby will absorb all the essential nutrients for proper development.

Doctor Visits

What should I tell my doctor?

Are you feeling more tired or fatigue? This is normal during the first trimester. You should let your doctor know when your fatigue is affecting your work or daily activities. There are many reasons that may cause you to feel more tired. The main reason is that your body is working overtime to support the growing baby. Your pregnancy hormones are causing your blood to increase in volume and your body to change in shape. It is only natural you will feel drained. Let your doctor know how you are feeling and how you are sleeping. Your doctor can help you find ways to manage your fatigue.

What tests should I know about?

Depending on your specific needs, you doctor may perform the following tests:

  • Measure your weight and blood pressure;
  • Check urine for glucose and protein;
  • Check the fetal heart rate;
  • Measure the size of the uterus by palpating outside to see the correlation of this size until the date you give birth;
  • The height of the bottom position (top of the uterus);
  • Check the swelling of hands and feet, check the varicose veins in the legs.

If you have any questions of your tests results, you should discuss them with your doctor.

Health & Safety

What should I know about being healthy and safe while pregnant?

You are probably wondering if it is safe to have sex during this period of pregnancy. For normal pregnancies, sex is absolutely safe. If you have the energy and desire, you should not hesitate to have sex with your partner. Fatigue and nausea may lower your libido but for some women the increased blood flow to the genital area and breast can have the opposite effect.

It is important to check with your doctor to be sure sex is safe. Here are some reasons, why your doctor may advise you to avoid sex at this time:

  • You are at risk for preterm birth;
  • You have unexplained vaginal bleeding;
  • You’re leaking amniotic fluid;
  • You have had perterm labor or premature birth in the past;
  • You’re carrying multiples;
  • Your cervix begins to open prematurely (cervical incompetence);
  • Your placenta covers your cervcal opening partly or completely (placenta previa).

If you don’t have any of the risk factors above, you are probably safe to have sex.

Let’s meet next week! We can see how you and your baby is growing.

Hello Health Group does not offer any advice, diagnosis or medical treatment.

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