Nausea is an unpleasant sensation of discomfort or unease in the stomach (queasy stomach), accompanied by an urge to vomit. Nausea often leads to vomiting.
Nausea is not a disease in itself, but rather a non-specific symptom, i.e. there are several possible causes, including motion sickness, stomach infection, migraine, certain odors, food poisoning, gallbladder disease, very intense pain, early pregnancy, indigestion, certain viruses, chemical toxins and emotional stress (fear).
What should you do?
When facing nausea and vomiting, regardless of age or cause, you should do the following.
- Drinking gradually larger amounts of clear liquids.
- Avoiding solid food until the vomiting episode has passed.
- Applying oral rehydrating solution such as Pedialyte if vomiting and diarrhea last more than 24 hours.
- Pregnant women experiencing morning sickness can eat some crackers before getting out of bed or eat a high protein snack such as lean meat or cheese before going to bed.
- Vomiting associated with cancer treatments can often be treated with another type of drug therapy. You should consult with a doctor before using any treatments.
When should you seek immediate medical attention?
You should seek urgent care or an emergency room if:
- Nausea and vomiting are accompanied by pain or a severe headache, especially if you haven’t had this type of headache before.
- You’re unable to eat or drink for 12 hours or your child hasn’t been able to keep liquids down for eight hours
- You have signs or symptoms of dehydration — excessive thirst, dry mouth, infrequent urination, dark-colored urine and weakness, dizziness or lightheadedness upon standing.
- Your vomit contains blood, resembles coffee grounds or is green.
How can you prevent nausea?
Remember these simple tips to prevent nausea:
- Spilt your large meals to small meals.
- Eat slowly.
- Avoid hard-to-digest foods.
- Avoid hot or warm foods if you nauseated by their smell.
- Keep your head elevated about 12 inches above your feet after eating.
- Drink liquids between meals rather than during meals.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: September 1, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Nausea and Vomiting: Causes, Treatments, Self Care. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/269511.php. Accessed August 30, 2016.
Nausea and Vomiting. http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-nausea-vomiting?page=1#1. Accessed August 30, 2016.