There are more than 200 viruses that cause symptoms of the common cold. The symptoms last about a week, although a cough can last up to three weeks.
Because a cold is caused by a virus and not by bacteria, antibiotics won’t help you get better.
Sometimes a bacterial infection of your throat, sinuses, ears or lungs can follow on from a cold. These may need an antibiotic, so see your GP if your symptoms keep getting worse. Always see your GP if you get a high fever while you are pregnant.
Treatments for a cold or flu during pregnancy
Certain tried-and-true cold treatments can be trusted while pregnant:
- getting plenty of rest
- drinking a lot of fluids
- gargling with warm salt water for a sore throat or cough
A few home remedies include:
- Saline nasal drops and sprays for loosening nasal mucus and soothing inflamed nasal tissue.
- Breathing warm, humid air to help loosen congestion. Try using a facial steamer, a hot-mist vaporizer, or even a hot shower.
- Chicken soup helps relieve inflammation and soothe congestion.
- Adding honey or lemon to a warm cup of decaffeinated tea to help relieve a sore throat. Elevating your head to help you sleep better.
- Using hot and cold packs to alleviate sinus pain
How to prevent getting a cough or cold during pregnancy
In order to avoid getting a cold or cough, the most important step to take is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Make sure you are eating nutritiously, getting the necessary amount of sleep, and exercising on a regular basis. In addition to this, it is important that you take your prenatal vitamins, as well as probiotics.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), getting a flu vaccination helps protect pregnant women and their babies for up to six months after birth. So, it’s important for pregnant women to be up-to-date on their vaccination schedule. Ask your doctor about a preservative-free vaccine if you’re concerned about trace amounts of mercury used as a preservative in most vaccines.
Others things you can do to reduce your risk of getting sick include:
- washing your hands often
- getting enough sleep
- eating a healthy diet
- avoiding close contact with sick family or friends
- exercising regularly
- reducing stress
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017