How to Avoid Low Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

By Medically reviewed by Dr. Duyen Le

How to know if I have a low blood pressure?

The best way to know is by checking it with a high-quality Sphygmomanometer. The procedure is simple and you can do it at home by yourself. The ideal blood pressure for a normal and healthy individual should be below 120 over 80 (120/80mmHg). However, a blood pressure reading whose level is equal or lower than 90/60mmHg implies that the person is experiencing low blood pressure.

Causes of low blood pressure during pregnancy

Low blood pressure is a common and rather expected condition when a woman is in her first and second trimesters. It often occurs when your body starts to release an extra amount of certain types of hormones such as progesterone to relax and expand the wall of your blood vessels. This process makes it easier for the baby to absorb nutrients and be nourished with blood and oxygen.

Low blood pressure can also be caused by anemia (the lack of folic acid and vitamin B12) or an allergy in pregnant women. In certain cases, the condition can be a symptom indicating underlying pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia. For this reason, although low blood pressure is common, you should always consult your doctor when having one to make sure everything is in order.

Should I be worried about low blood pressure?

In general, low blood pressure is not considered to be harmful as the lower your level is, the less likely it is for you to get heart strokes. Because each body is different, there is no certain number to tell if a low blood pressure case is dangerous. A low rate of blood pressure is only considered as dangerous when it comes with the following signs:

−Dizziness or lightheadedness
−Nausea
−Vision difficulties
−Breathing problems (shallow or rapid breathing)
−Concentration difficulties
−Abnormal dehydration
−Loss of strength
−Cold, pale, and damp skin

In the final trimester, your body will normally raise the level of blood pressure back to its pre-pregnancy state by itself. However, if your blood pressure is still considered to be relatively low during your labor process, you may need to use epidural in close supervision.

How to avoid low blood pressure

−Keep yourself hydrated.
−Have a healthy diet which is rich in folic acid and vitamin B12. It is also recommended for you to take prenatal supplements.
−Sleep and rest on your side instead of your back.
−Take plenty of rest when you feel tired and make sure you always stand or sit up slowly and properly.
−Use compression stockings.
−Consider adding some salt to your diet. However, you should consult your doctor before trying this.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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