Week by Week

What do you need to know to care for your 12 months old baby?

By Medically reviewed by Dr. Duyen Le

Development & Behavior

How should my child be developing?

Your child is now officially 1 year old! You made it through the first year. Your child is starting to become more independent by taking his first step. Many children take their first steps sometime between 9 and 12 months and are walking well by the time they’re 14 or 15 months old. But don’t worry if your child hasn’t let go of the coffee table yet. It’s also perfectly normal for kids not to take that first step until they’re 15 or 16 months, or even later.

After months of babbling, your child begins to form recognizable words. It’s not an overnight process, and the pace varies significantly from child to child. One thing is sure, though: he understands far more than he can say.

How to support my child?

Encourage both cruising and walking by giving your child lots of opportunities to move without help and by not picking him up and carrying him too often. If your child is trying to toddle, he might feel more secure if he can hang on to one of your fingers

Whole milk is usually the beverage of choice at this age because toddlers need fat to fuel their growth and their considerable energy needs. Possible exceptions: If you’re overweight or obese, or have a family history of obesity, high cholesterol, or cardiovascular disease, your child’s doctor may recommend starting with reduced-fat milk.

Your child is watching everything you do. Toddlers love to copy the behavior of the people around them, especially their parents. It’s how they learn basic behaviors. Remember to put away all the stuffs which may harm your baby.

Health & Safety

What should I discuss with my doctor?

It is recommended to have a doctor checkup at 12 months. You can prepare for your child’s doctor checkup by anticipating some of the questions the doctor is likely to ask, such as these:

  • How much is your child sleeping at night and during naps?
  • What kinds of solid food is your child eating? How’s his appetite? Does he enjoy feeding himself finger foods?
  • How many teeth has your child grown?
  • Is your child crawling well? Pulling up? Cruising or walking? Pointing? Making eye contact and responding to his name?
  • Have you noticed frequent squinting or eye rubbing, or a tendency to hold toys and books close to his face? Read about other signs of a vision problem.
  • Does your child turn toward sounds? (Learn othersigns of a hearing problem.
  • Does your child imitate sounds, babble, or say any words?

These questions will help your doctor evaluate your child’s sleep habits, vision, physical and behavioral development. Tell your doctor if your child feel itchy or uncomfortable. It might be the signs of allergy.

What should I know?

During your visit, your doctor will measure height, weight and head circumference. Then these numbers will be marked on a growth chart. The growth chart can be a bit confusing but it’s important to understand how to read your chart. Don’t worry we will help you.

According to the World Health Organization, at 12 months should have on average the following measurements:

  • Boy: 10 kg (weight), 78 cm (height), 46 cm (head circumference);
  • Girl: 5 kg (weight), 78 cm (height), 45 cm (head circumference);

These numbers represent the 50th percentile. This means 50% of 1-year-old children weigh the same or less than your child and 50% of children weigh more than your child.

If your child is ranked at 25th percentile, this does not mean there is anything wrong with your child. This means that 25% of child at 1 year old have the same measurements or less. Your child will grow in spurts and will not be a steady growth. Your doctor is more concerned with the growth rate than any specific measurement. If you child stops growing or is losing weight, this is a sign of a more serious problem. You should only worry if there are any drastic changes.

My Concerns

What I am concerned about?

Here are some things you may be concerned about:

Baby’s eye sight

Kids often have no idea that they have a vision problem, so you’ll want to be vigilant about noticing signs of potential trouble. Contact your child’s doctor if your child:

  • Squints or blinks often;
  • Tilts his head to see better (while looking at a picture or the television, for example);
  • Rubs his eyes when he is not sleepy;
  • Has difficulty seeing objects;
  • Being clumsy;

You will also want to have your child’s doctor check your child’s eyes if they show any signs of a blocked tear duct, injury, or infection, such as pinkeye. These signs include excessive tearing, redness, pains, sensitivity to light, or pus or crust in his eyes.

Lead poisoning

Kids who are at the age of one or two are high risk of lead poisoning. Kids may crawl on floors and put their hands on the mouth. However, kids at any age who contact with lead also have lead poisoning.

Since the body of kid is not fully developed, they are more likely to be poisoned than adults. In other way, pregnant women with elevated levels of lead in their blood can transfer lead to their unborn baby.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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