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Treatment Options for Psoriasis in Children

By Medically reviewed by Dr. Duyen Le.

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a common skin condition which affects the life cycle of one’s skin cells. Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells create thick, silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches.  Those are sometimes painful.

Symptoms of psoriasis in children

Psoriasis shows itself in many types. With each type, there are distinctive symptoms. Major symptoms of psoriasis in children include:

−Raised skin patches that are often red and covered with whitish-silvery scales (these are often mistaken for diaper rash in infants)
−Dry, cracked skin that may bleed sometimes
−Itching, soreness, or a burning sensation at the areas of skin affected by psoriasis
−Thick, pitted fingernails or nails that have deep ridges

Dietary options for children with psoriasis

Treating psoriasis in children is more challenging than treating adults. This is because their systems are more vulnerable. Besides, many FDA-approved treatment options for psoriasis are not approved for children. In mild cases, topical treatments are often effective. To support the child’s system and skin maintenance, it is helpful to include fish oils, probiotics, vitamin D and other nutrient supplements in their diet.

Topical treatment for psoriasis in children

Most of the time, the use of topical treatments such as corticosteroids yields positive results. However, avoid using highly concentrated corticosteroids due to the potential side effects. Synthetic corticosteroids are not recommended for both adults and children because they may interfere with one’s natural ability of the body to fight off infection. Coal tar topical treatments are generally considered to be safe. Nevertheless, a concentration of 5% or more of coal tar may put a person at a higher risk of cancer.

Phototherapeutic options for psoriasis treatment

Phototherapy is believed to be a safe and effective option for some patients. It can be used on its own or in combination with other treatment options. It can be used to treat several different types of psoriasis in children. Those types include refractory plaque, guttate and pustular disease or focal debilitating palmoplantar psoriasis. It is, however, inappropriate for types that are pustular or erythrodermic.

UVB and PUVA radiation are other effective options. Just keep in mind that they must be used under the careful guidance of a medical professional, preferably with the supervision of a dermatologist who is experienced in pediatric psoriasis because there are plenty of contraindications and side effects if they are improperly administered. Ultraviolet light may result in genetic damage, collagen destruction, as well as the destruction of vitamin A and C in the skin and the generation of free radicals.


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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources
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