You may see rashes and bumps in your children’s skin. These may be the signs of skin problems in children. Most of them can be treated effectively. You can read this article to learn more about some common skin diseases.
Chicken pox is an infectious disease that can spread easily. Most children catch chicken pox at some point in their lives. Chicken pox begins with red spots on the face, ears, and chests. These red spots turn into fluid-filled blisters. Then, the blisters crust over and scabs are formed. Healthy children do not have to be concerned about this disease. Once your children have had chicken pox, they are immune and usually will not catch it again. Chicken pox can be treated at home. Treatment can reduce the symptoms such as fever and itching gradually. Chicken pox can be prevented with vaccination. Over the counter drugs such as calamine lotion, paracetamol, and cooling gels can be used.
Ringworm is not caused by worms. It is an infection. Ringworm is caused by a fungus that lives in your dead skin, hair, and nails. When your children have ringworm, you can see a ring-like red patch on the skin. The affected skin may become scaly, itchy, inflamed and painful. Ringworm often appears on the skin that covers the arms, legs, or anywhere in the body. Ringworm on the head may cause hair loss. Your children may catch ringworm by having skin-to-skin contact with an infected person or animal or by sharing towels. Ringworm can be treated with antifungal drugs. If your children experience hair loss, special shampoos may be recommended.
Contact dermatitis appears when your children contact with certain chemicals or substances. The substances may cause irritation and allergies. These are a skin reaction. Your children may get contact dermatitis because they use soaps, lotions and perfumes, metal, latex, cosmetics, or medicines. Symptoms can be different from each child. But if your child has contact dermatitis, he or she may experience painful, red, itchy, dry, swollen, draining, and bleeding skin. Symptoms usually get worse in the affected areas. Take your children to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment. Treatment for contact dermatitis depends on your children’s condition, overall health, and age. Treatment includes washing your children’s skin using wet clothes to ease the symptoms and reduce inflammation, applying a cream or ointment to the skin to relieve the itching and giving your children medications.
This is an infectious disease in which your children develop ulcers in the mouth, spots on the palms and in the soles of the feet. You can also see blisters in the buttocks and legs. This condition most commonly occurs in children. It can pass from an infected child to a healthy child through coughing, sneezing, or touching the liquid from the blisters. There is no cure for hand-foot-mouth disease. Do not let your children go to school until they are heathy if they are infected. If your children are healthy, the disease may go away after 10 days. Home treatment includes giving your children over the counter drugs such as paracetamol and ibuprofen and drinking plenty of fluids.
Eczema is a long-term skin condition. If your children have eczema, their skin may become red, itchy, and dry. The most common type of eczema is atopic eczema. This type of eczema can come along with your children as they grow older. In severe cases, children with eczema may become infected later in life. Experts do not know exactly the causes of eczema. However, studies suggest that history of allergies plays a role.
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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: August 30, 2017 | Last Modified: August 30, 2017
Skin rashes in children. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/skin-rash-children/Pages/Introduction.aspx#Eczema. Accessed February 25, 2017.
Slideshow: Common childhood skin problems. http://www.webmd.boots.com/children/ss/slideshow-common-childhood-skin-problems. Accessed February 25, 2017.
Pigatto P, Martelli A, Marsili C, Fiocchi A. Contact dermatitis in children. Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 2010;36:2. doi:10.1186/1824-7288-36-2.
Contact Dermatitis in Children. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pediatrics/contact_dermatitis_in_children_90,P01679/. Accessed February 25, 2017.