Development & Behavior
How should my baby be developing?
If your baby is sleeping through the night and their sleep lasts from 5 to 6 hours, you are one of a few lucky mothers. Most of 10-week-old babies often wake up at midnight. But even if your baby is not sleeping through the night at this stage, your baby will have longer intervals of sleeping and staying awake. This will help you sneak in a nap to keep your strength. Your baby may have 2 to 4 long sleep periods and be awake for more than 10 hours within a day. A note is whether your child is a night owl or a morning birdy, sleeping habits will remain through out their childhood.
In the second week of the second month, they will be able to:
- Play a sound in many ways instead of just crying;
- Able to lift their heads to 45 degrees when lying.
How to support my baby?
The way to communicate with a baby are endless. To support the development of your baby, you can try the following now or in the coming months:
- Describe the action: Do not move without telling them. You can recount process and change clothes for them: “Now, I’m put you in diapers and I am buttoning the shirt for you”. In the bath, you should explain about soap and wash, and shampoo which make their hair shiny and clean. The work ofexpressing will help you speak and train them to listen to what you say, then help them start to be aware of the world around them.
- Place several questions: do not count until they can answer and then ask your baby. This will stimulate their ability to learn as well as the awareness of the baby.
- Create opportunities for baby: study shows that babies who have parents talk to them more will learn to speak sooner. Just let your baby coo, whisper or giggle with you.
- Ask simple questions when talking to your baby.
- Improve the tone when speaking.
- As your children progress, let them involve more in many things. Note that these things should fit with their effort.
- Mimic: Your children would love to be praised when they mimic you.
- Say the rhyme.
- Read aloud to your child.
• Receive signals from your baby when the baby start not to pay attention to what you say, they often close their eyes or averted, cryor get irritated. In other words, the baby shows that they don’t want to hear anymore. Then you need to give them a break.
Health & Safety
What should I discuss with my doctor?
Every doctor will have their own way to check your baby’s health. The physical tests overall, as well as the number and type of evaluation techniques and procedures for implementation will vary based on the individual needs of the child. But you can anticipate and consult with a doctor about the problem after the baby is checked:
- Let your doctor know about your baby and family life activities, their eating, sleeping, and the development of the baby, also the baby care if you are intending to go back to work.
- Ask your doctor if you have concerns about that your child is being breastfed when you’ll go back to work and any concerns about your health or the baby’s behavior.
What should I know?
Here are some things you should know about:
- What is reflux?
Reflux is when food and acid moves back into the esophagus from stomach. Your baby can spray some milk or vomit after feeding. This is very normal for all babies. An research estimated 50% of the baby vomiting every day. Most of this situation only occurs in a short time and it does not harm your baby. However, if your children burp up a large amount of milk on the same day or vomit several times a day, they may suffer from gastric reflux.
Reflux may be associated with prolonging irritation and pain when eating. In serious cases, they will have a cough or not gain enough weight.
- Why your baby has reflux?
The main cause is that reflux esophageal sphincter (the type of muscle that connects throat to the stomach) of the baby is too weak. Most children are born with the lower esophageal sphincter which is relatively liquid. Because of this loose connect, food can not remain in the stomach. If your baby swallows too much air and eat too much, they may also have reflux.
- How to diagnosis the reflux?
Your baby will also receive additional testing with pH test kits. This instrument will be put into there esophagus to measure reflux and acidity. Some other ways to check for reflux in babies include X-rays and endoscopic gastrointestinal tract by using a camera mounted tube and putting it in the baby’s gastrointestinal tract to check and put experiment sample.
- How to treat reflux?
In most cases, children will spontaneously reflux before reaching 1 years old since her sphincter has become stronger. If your baby is formula-fed, your doctor may suggest you to switch your baby to drink soy milk or other types of milk that’re more less hypoallergenic. You should try to split meals and feeding into several times to prevent the baby’s stomach from being always full. Some studies suggest that adding rice cereal into breast milk or formula to make milk thicker may improve some symptoms of reflux.
You can also hold your baby upright during and after eating, with their heads held high about 30 degrees to help prevent reflux up milk. Even if your baby burp regularly, this method can also help relieve symptoms of reflux. The doctor may prescribe medication which helps reduce acidity in the stomach or acid blockers for infant to drink everyday. These drugs are similar to drugs that adults with heart burn use (though you should not let your child drink any infant medication without your doctor’s approval only).
Roll and Flip
Your baby is learning to roll and flip. At this age, babies can flip from lie on one side to lie on their back and vice versa. They must be older than one month old or more, the new baby can roll into a perfect loop because the baby needs to have a harder neck and stronger arm muscles to do this well.
When your child is more active, which means that you must use one hand to hold the baby while changing diapers. You should not let your baby lying on the bed or anywhere which is too high and away from the ground without watching the baby because now they are able to move and can fall easily.
What I am concerned about?
Here are some things you may be concerned about:
Salivary glands of the baby start to operate from when the baby still in the womb. But you may notice that the baby can start drooling over this period. That’s because baby put everything in their mouths, so the amount of saliva secreted will be more than the amount of saliva amount your baby can swallow.
However you should know that drooling does not mean your baby is teething. Your baby’s teeth will not grow and you still have to wait at least two weeks following the baby’s first teeth begin to sprout. Most baby’s first tooth grows at about 4-7 months of age. If children develop early, one of two mandibular teeth will grow when they are 3 months old. (And there are rare cases when baby has teeth when they were born.)
Many parents often let baby wear bibs from now to block saliva. However, you need to remember to remove it when they sleeps to avoid choking baby. Fortunately, drool over the baby’s toys and other items that contain protein can prevent disease, so they can play and touch any objects that you do not need to worry that your baby will get sick.
At first breath, the sound of cooing or boiling ventriloquism seems purely random, then you’ll start to notice these sounds appear when you chat with your baby or when they’re stuffed, when they see themselves in the mirror or even when they see a ornament duck which is mounted in the cradle. The vocal exercises are usually easier if you and baby are excited.
In this process, your child will also test and discover active combinations of the throat, tongue and mouth to make sounds. For parents, cooing is the baby’s first audio that the baby interface after crying. And that’s just the beginning. Within a few weeks to a few months, they’ll start laughing out loud (usually about three and a half months), or squealing (when he was four and a half months) and making another sound.
Your child may pronounce consonants at very different stages: some babies can pronounce consonants when they are just three months old, the other child must wait until five or six months of age. When the baby begin to try to pronounce the consonants, your baby emits sounds at the same time from one or two consonant and repeat the same chords (three, terminal or skin) many times. In the next week, they may move to a new chord and seem to forget the original chord. In fact, they forget that due to their ability to concentrate is limited, so your child usually only do one job well at a time only.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: March 26, 2019 | Last Modified: March 26, 2019
Murkoff, Heidi. What to Expect, The First Year. New York: Workman Publishing Company, 2009. Print version. Page 213-248.