Understanding hormones – part 1: Estrogen

By Medically reviewed by Hello Doktor Medical Panel

Our body is full of hormones. These chemical substances are responsible for transmitting signals all over the body through body fluids. By this way, they play an important role in controlling the human’s growth and behavior as a response to the environment as well as burning fat and repairing tissue. One hormone that has substantial influence on our everyday life, especially women, is the sex hormone, estrogen.

What is Estrogen?

Estrogen is a hormone that creates changes in a girl during her teenage year until she enters adulthood. These changes consist of the growth of breasts, hair in public areas and in the armpit and the start of menstruation. Estrogen keeps producing throughout the women’s life even after puberty and involves in many protection activities such as administering the ovulation orders, securing bone health, controlling the amount of cholesterol and affecting the female fertility. Three types of estrogen are produced by the body, including estradiol (develops in women of childbearing age), estriol (develops during pregnancy) and estrone (develops after menopause).

How does Estrogen work?

The amount of estrogen changes daily and this variation causes many sorts of problems to our body. Generally, the level of estrogen reaches its peak in the middle of the menstrual cycle and bottom during a woman’s period since menstruation gives rise to menopause. The increasing level of estrogen can be attributed to high blood pressure, diabetes, healthy pregnancy or tumors in the ovaries, testes, and adrenal glands. That leads to higher risk of cancer, infertility, depression, mood swings, insomnia, dry skin, and fat storage around the hips with upper thigh in women or “manboobs” in men.

What should we do if Estrogen increases out of control?

Excessive amount of estrogen poses as a greater problem than normal perception. There are several reasons behind this: either estrogen is unusually internally produced (endogenous estrogen) because of being overweight or your body absorbs immoderate amount of external chemical estrogen (xenoestrogens). This first cause raises the level of fat tissue, thus producing more and more estrogen. This problem can be worsened by the deficiency of magnesium, vitamin D3, selenium or zinc. Besides, there is also a link between high level of estrogen in man and alcohol, specifically beer. External estrogen of the second cause is composed of BPA, phthalates and parabens that can be found in chemical fragrances like perfume, candles, lotion and moisturizers. Based on some researches, the higher the level of BPA, the fatter the people are.

Therefore, to prevent estrogen level from accelerating, it is well-advised to replace chemical products with natural care products; avoid canned, hormone and pesticide treated foods; consuming a large amount of nutritious and green vegetables; and lower the amount of carb in your diet.

There are causes behind the increasing level of estrogen in our body. Even though it plays an essential in our life, excess can do us harm. Solutions are found to deal with the numerous problems. However, the best method is always leading a healthy lifestyle.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.

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Review Date: August 24, 2016 | Last Modified: December 4, 2019

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