What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?
Injury is unavoidable when playing sports, however, most of them don’t prove fatal. The leading cause of death in any recreational activities is Traumatic Brain Injury, or shortly called TBI. It contributes up to 20 percentage of fatality among children and adolescents.
Traumatic Brain Injury can range from concussion to conscious lost. TBI usually happens when an object enters and damages the brain after piercing the skull or when an object hits the head violently and suddenly. In mild cases, the patient can lose conscious in a short period of time and experience mental state changes. In severe cases, they can suffer from Second Impact Syndrome which usually resulted from brain swelling and can lead to death.
Symptoms of a concussion in TBI?
Concussions can be different from person to person. Most of its symptoms can be found hours after the events but most people only know about it after a few days or even weeks. These symptoms include:
- Constant head or neck pain
- Ringing in the ears
- Slow reactions in most daily activities like thinking, speaking or even deciding on the basic things
- Feeling of extreme tiredness
- Loss of motivation
- Sleeping too much or not sleeping at all
- Experience mood swings such as sadness or angriness for no specific reasons
For younger kids, there are a few more additional symptoms such as:
- Changes in behavior
- Changes in daily habit
- Less interest in their ultimate favorite toys
- Unsteady walking
- Loss of appetite
There are many different available options for Traumatic Brain Injury suffers. It ranges from initial treatment to rehabilitative treatment.
Initial diagnosis usually includes CAT or MRI scan, X-ray, etc. It measures how much damage is put on the patient’s brain based on him or her movement, speech, and memory.
Most tests are used to determined appropriate treatment. Professionals will start with medicine while necessary surgical procedures are applied to severe cases. Then the doctor will move on to recovery phase where they pay attention to the patient’s lost abilities and try to recover them.
However, when your loved one is hospitalized, remember to ask further information about any surgery procedures before signing it, whether it is about side effects of post-treatment or potential risks. Try to gather as much information as you can. Seek for support from home, family, and friends so you can gain more strength in order to go through this emotional period.
How to prevent TBI?
Safe is not even in the dictionary of some sports such as football and hockey. There is only ways to minimize the chances of damage from happening.
Have safety gear at all costs. Every sport requires special tools and gears to execute, so remember to wear them before joining. Make sure they are fit, wearable and stay put throughout the game.Never break safety rules as it will bring danger not only to you but also to your teammates and other players.
Learn to know the signs of a concussion.
Visit a professional right after any concussion even if they don’t seem to be severe as it can always be a Second Impact Syndrome.
After a concussion, only come back to normal activities once you get approval or permission from your personal doctor.
Provide information about your previous concussion to your coach and teammates.
You may also interest in:
- First Aid for Superficial Cuts and Wounds
- First Aid Tips That Your Kids Should Know
- First Aid for Spinal Injury
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 5, 2017 | Last Modified: May 4, 2017
http://m.brainline.org/dialogs/viewtopics.php accessed 18 April, 2017
Treatments for TBI
http://www.traumaticbraininjury.com/treatments-for-tbi/ accessed 18 April, 2017
Sports-Related Recurrent Brain Injuries – United States
http://www.headinjury.com/sports.htm accessed 18 April, 2017