Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, fatal complication of certain types of bacterial infections, associated primarily with the use of superabsorbent tampons; having cuts or burns on your skin; recent surgery; contraceptive sponges, diaphragms or superabsorbent tampons; viral infection, such as the flu or chickenpox.
Some following tips can help you to reduce risks of having toxic shock syndrome, such as:
- Change tampons frequently, at least every four to eight hours.
- Use mini pads when your flow is light.
- Do not use tampons if you’ve had toxic shock syndrome or a prior serious staph or strep infection,
This condition can be caused by the toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria or group A streptococcus (strep) bacteria.
Toxic shock syndrome can affect anyone: men, children and postmenopausal women, characterized by following signs and syndromes:
- A sudden high fever;
- Low blood pressure (hypotension);
- Vomiting or diarrhea;
- A rash resembling a sunburn, particularly on your palms and soles;
- Muscle aches;
- Redness of your eyes, mouth and throat;
Call your doctor immediately if you have signs or symptoms of toxic shock syndrome especially when you’ve recently used tampons or if you have a skin or wound infection.
To diagnose toxic shock syndrome:
- Blood and urine samples can help your health care provider to test for the presence of a staph or strep infection. Your vagina, cervix and throat may be swabbed for samples for laboratory analysis.
- CT scan, lumbar puncture or chest X-ray, to assess the extent of your illnesses in other organs.
Hospitalization is important if you develop toxic shock syndrome.
In hospital, you will:
- Be treated with antibiotics.
- Be indicated to receive medication for hypotension and fluids to treat dehydration.
- Receive supportive care to treat other signs and symptoms.
- Surgery: to remove nonliving tissue (debridement) from the site of infection or to drain the infection.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Toxic Shock Syndrome. http://www.webmd.com/women/guide/understandingtoxic-shock-syndrome-basics#1. Accessed August 29, 2016.
Toxic Shock Syndrome. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Toxic-shock-syndrome-/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Accessed August 29, 2016.
Toxic Shock Syndrome. http://www.healthline.com/health/toxic-shock-syndrome. Accessed August 29, 2016.