Thyroid is a gland with the shape of butterfly in your neck, just above your collarbone. Thyroid is responsible for producing hormones in order to control the rate of functions in your body, including the way your body burns calories and your hearts beats. So when your thyroid problems appear, a lot of unpleasant consequences can follow after.
What are thyroid problems?
When it comes to thyroid disorders, patients may deal with various kinds, including:
- Thyroid cancer
- Goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland
- Thyroid nodules – lumps in the thyroid gland
- Thyroiditis – swelling of the thyroid
Like other illnesses, most thyroid problems bring you uncomfortable feeling and experience. But if this kind of disease can be diagnosed and treated well at the very beginning, you may not be in danger anymore.
What causes thyroid problems?
It is hard to say a particular risky behavior is a main reason for thyroid disorders. Because every single kind is caused by a list of harmful factors.
The overproduction of thyroid hormones in your body will occur in several ways:
- Graves’ disease
- Toxic adenomas: Nodules develop in the thyroid gland and create much thyroid hormones than before. This condition is the main reason to damage the chemical balance of your body. How about the origin of nodules? Some goiters may be blamed for them.
- Subacute thyroiditis: It is the inflammation of the thyroid. As a result, your gland secretes excess hormones abnormally. At that time, your hyperthyroidism may last from a few weeks to months.
- Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland: This condition is not always the key because it is quite rare when compared to other risk factors.
Hypothyroidism is a medical name for underproduction of thyroid hormones. Causes of hypothyroidism may come from:
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
- Removal of the thyroid gland: Your thyroid gland may have been removed in surgeons to cure another illness or destroyed by chemicals.
- Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide: A high level of iodide intake may come from some different reasons, such as medicines and certain contrast dyes given before some X-rays. If you once get thyroid disorders, you yourself may raise the chance of getting exposed to it again.
To newborns and infants, hypothyroidism poses a special danger to their health, particularly a poor appetite, in active and quiet state and excessive sleeps. It can be due to these causes:
- A pituitary disorder
- A defective thyroid
- Lack of the gland entirely
This dangerous disease can happen to the people who used to receive radiation treatment, especially to head and neck , for example acne remedy. Thyroid cancer is pretty rare and only accounts for about 5% of thyroid nodules. You might have thyroid nodules for several years before they are diagnosed cancerous.
Thyroid problems can cause a list of other complications which places your health and life on alert. So you should take care of yourself and go to the nearest clinic if you have any of abnormal signs in your neck.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: December 8, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
Thyroid diseases. https://medlineplus.gov/thyroiddiseases.html. Accessed October 27, 2016
Understanding thyroid problems-The basics. http://www.webmd.com/women/guide/understanding-thyroid-problems-basics#1. Accessed March 23, 2015