Teen Acne and How to Treat It

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Acne is a condition that most commonly occurs during the teenage years.  Since acne can appear on the face, it may affect your appearance. This article will bring you some basic information about this characteristic of puberty.

Teens and acne

Acne appears when the hair follicles are blocked with dead skin cells and excess oil. Acne most commonly begins in puberty but there are still cases when acne occurs at other points of life. When you enter puberty, your hormones changes, causing the oil glands in your skin to become enlarge, and release more oil, too much oil. This excessive oil mixes with dead skin cells on your skin, clogging the pores. Then acne happens. Excessive oil can be the result of bacteria on your skin called Propionibacterium acnes.

Acne can appear on your face, chest, back, neck and shoulders. Acne can show up as different types, including whiteheads (when pores are clogged); blackheads (when pores are clogged and stay open); pimples or pustules (there is pus inside), nodules (painful and can cause scarring); and cysts (are severe type of acne, are filled with pus and can cause scarring).

Face creams, hair dyes, clothing that rubs your skin, sweating, humid weather, and stress can worsen your acne condition.

Treatment for acne in teenagers

Treatment for acne depends on your age, overall health, and your acne condition. The goals of treatment are to improve the appearance of your skin and prevent acne scars. Treatment may include medications and daily skin care.

Skin care for teens

Skin care is important no matter what your skin condition is. Skin care includes cleansing, moisturizing, and applying sunscreen.

  • Clean your skin gently with mild cleansers and warm water. Do not use strong soaps. They can cause irritation. Do not use steam heat water as it can remove essential oil on your skin.
  • Keep your skin hydrated. You can use moisturizers, and drink plenty of water during the day. Use products that are labeled ‘non-comedogenic’ and ‘oil-free’.
  • Protect your skin against UV radiations in the sunlight with sunscreen. Use sunscreen with SPF of 30 or more. Reapply the sunscreen every two hours. If you go swimming or sweat too much, you may have to reapply more frequently.
  • Do not try to pick the pimples. This can cause scarring.

Medications

You can try some over-the-counter medicines that contain benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. If the over-the-counter medicines do not work, your doctor may prescribe some stronger medications such as antibiotics, tretinoin to reduce bacteria and stop new comedones from developing. Always follow the instruction of the doctor to prevent drug-resistance.

Acne is common in teens. Acne usually begins when teens enter puberty and it goes away when teens finish this stage. However, this condition can affect their confidence and can get worse if people do not take good care of the skin.

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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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