One of the most common inflammations in the air passages nowadays is bronchitis. This condition is described as the infection in the lining of the bronchial tubes. Those who get bronchial tubes infection will have trouble in breathing since the oxygen could hardly approach the lungs. The long-term exposure to the polluted air and harmful chemicals are the most dangerous risk factor of bronchitis.
What is bronchitis?
Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis comes quickly and tends to link to a viral infection or cold. The symptoms of this condition could range from mild to severe, such as coughing with mucus, feeling painful in the chest, fever and occasionally making short breath. Acute bronchitis might disappear after few days or weeks. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis is more serious and tends to last longer from months to years. This ongoing illness has symptoms such as a persistent cough with mucus, swollen bronchial tube and sometimes causes excessive mucus. Patients with chronic bronchitis may experience difficult breathing. If you are diagnosed bronchitis with emphysema, the condition may turn to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
What cause bronchitis?
In general, bacteria, viruses, and other factors are the main cause of bronchitis. To be more specific, bacterial infection and particular substance exposure can cause acute bronchial tube inflammation. Tobacco smoke, fumes, dust, vapors and toxic waste from vehicles are extremely harmful to the lungs and cause acute bronchitis. If your lung and air passage are under long-term damaged by repeated irritation and toxic chemicals, it will lead to chronic bronchitis. Just like acute bronchitis, those who experience long-term exposure to dust, fumes and air pollution are likely to get chronic bronchitis. Also, smoking and repeated episodes of acute bronchitis will also put you at high risk of this disease.
What are bronchitis symptoms?
People with acute bronchitis will experience a persistent cough with yellow or greenish mucus. Acute bronchitis also comes along with cold and flu symptoms such as a sore throat, chest pain, runny nose, ingested nose, dizziness, and headache. Some people have shortness of breath since their air passages are inflamed. Luckily, acute bronchitis will not last too long, and you may expect your coughing and other symptoms disappear after a few days or weeks.
In people with chronic bronchitis, they may have repeated episodes of acute bronchitis such as coughing, chest tightness, chills, and fever. Along with the symptoms of acute bronchitis, other typical symptoms of chronic bronchitis condition could include chronic productive cough with mucus and swelling of the airways. These symptoms will last for several months or even for years.
What can I do to treat bronchitis?
In most cases, bronchitis will disappear on its own without using any medical treatments. However, if the condition lasts too long or makes you feel uncomfortable, seeking for medical help is necessary.
- Medications: You doctor may prescribe you some medications such as antibiotics, cough medicines or other drugs that required to prevent further complications.
- Therapies: In case you’re having chronic bronchitis, your doctor may recommend a therapy called pulmonary rehabilitation. This is a breathing exercise program that teaches you how to breathe in the more comfortable way and enhance your physical exercise ability.
The best way to avoid yourself from getting bronchitis is trying your best to keep good personal hygiene. After chemical exposure or going outside, you should wash your hands and face to prevent the spreading of bacteria. Quit smoking and avoid smoking area to help you avoid airways congestion and viral infections.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: October 13, 2016 | Last Modified: October 13, 2016