Your mouth is an important part of your body. Any problem in the mouth can make it difficult to consume food and drink, directly affecting your nutritional demands. Common problems in your mouth include:

Cold sores

Also known as fever blisters, cold sores are often triggered by fevers or colds. Besides, the virus causing this condition may spread through kisses, shared utensils, or other intimate contacts. You can ease the pain and speed up healing with OTC ointments. However, if cold sores persist, you may need to visit your doctor.


Thrush is often found in babies, older people, and those with a compromised immune system. This condition is caused by candida yeast. Antibiotics and some other medications may trigger a flare as well. If you try to wipe the patches on your tongue, you may suffer from soreness.

Black hairy tongue

As the name suggests, this condition causes the hair on your tongue to grow long, attracting bacteria, resulting in a black and hairy tongue. Many factors can contribute to the condition, including the use of antibiotics, bad oral hygiene, smoking, excessive consumption of coffee or tea, and insufficient saliva production. You may get rid of black hairy tongue by brushing and scraping it.

Canker sores

Canker sores, or aphthous ulcers, are small and painful blisters in the mouth. They may be triggered by hypersensitivity, infection, hormonal imbalances, stress, and vitamin deficiencies. You can find canker sores on your tongue, cheek, and gums. Persistent sores require treatment with topical creams, medications, or dental lasers.


Leukoplakia refers to the white patches or plaques in the mouth. It’s usually painless but you cannot scrape it away. Most of the time, leukoplakia is an allergic response to irritants. However, in some cases, it could be the warning sign of cancer. So, if you have leukoplakia, visit your doctor or dentist for an evaluation.

Oral cancer

Oral cancer is marked by persistent sores, unexplained numbness, chewing, speaking, or swallowing difficulties. Oral cancer may be caused by tobacco use, excessive drinking, sun overexposure. A family history may play a role. Oral cancer could be associated with the human papillomavirus, or HPV. If diagnosed early, oral cancer can be cured.

Chipped teeth

You can chip or break your teeth by chewing on ice cubes, hard candies, grinding, clenching, or consuming foods and beverages that are too hot or too cold. If the cracks are big enough, you may end up with permanent damage or even tooth loss. Your dentist may fix your chipped teeth with dental bonding, tooth contouring, porcelain veneers, and crowns.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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