Recent research suggests that most sexually active people go for oral sex many times in their sex life. This type of intercourse has been shown to have certain positive effects on the intimate relationship of many couples. However, the fact is that unprotected oral love play can give you some types of infection. In this article, we will look at the potentially infectious risks of oral sex.
Oral sex and its types
With oral sex, people use the mouth, lips, and tongue to stimulate the genitals and the genital areas of their sex partner. Oral sex can be applied to both heterosexual and homosexual couples. Some main types of oral sex include:
- Cunnilingus or cunnilinctus. The woman’s genitals including her vagina, vulva, especially her clitoris are orally stimulated by her partner.
- The use of the mouth to stimulate a man’s penis, usually by sucking and licking.
- The oral stimulation to the partner’s nipples.
- Anilingus or oro-anal sex (rimming). Using tongue and lips to stimulate the partner’s anus.
Health risks of oral sex
Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria Gonorrheae bacteria, which is transmitted through oral sex. Throat, genitals, urinary tract, and rectum are possible areas that the bacteria can infect. Typical symptoms of Gonorrhea include unusual vaginal and penile discharge, which is usually green or yellow; painful urinating, and bleeding between periods in women. Most of the symptoms will improve with a single antibiotic injection and tablet. Skin sores and joint pain can be the possible complications of Gonorrhea if it is untreated.
Those who has syphilis sore or rash on their genitals, anus, mouth, or throat can transmit it to their partner, People with syphilis can experience painless ulcers or sores on the infected areas; a blotchy red rash on the palms of hands, soles of feet or the trunk; the small skin growths on the vulva or around the anus; flu-like symptoms such as tiredness, headaches and fever. To treat syphilis, you can get antibiotic injections into your buttocks or a course of antibiotics tablets. Without treatment, this infection can spread to other parts of your body, especially the brain.
People can get chlamydia by having oral sex with an infected partner. The areas of chlamydia infection can be the throat, genitals, urinary tract, and rectum. Most of chlamydia infections have no symptoms, but when they are present, they can include a sore throat, discharge from vagina or penis, burned feeling when urinating, and painful and swollen testicles. The treatment for chlamydia is medication. If left untreated, this infection can cause severe condition to your health and be spread to uninfected sex partner.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and 2 are the causes of this common infection. Genital herpes can be spread to others by orally sexual contact. This condition causes painful or itching blisters at or near the infected areas including lips, mouth, throat, genital area, anus, rectum and buttocks. People with genital herpes can also suffer headache or fever during the initial stage of the infection. There is currently no cure for genital herpes, however, people can control its symptoms by using antiviral medicine.
Additionally, some other infections which are less frequently passed on through oral sex are HIV, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis V, genital warts, and public lice.
The only way to avoid these oral route infections above is to have safe oral sex. There are some preventions that you can take including condom and dental dam. People who are diagnosed with those infections should not have sexual contact until they are totally treated.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: April 26, 2017 | Last Modified: December 4, 2019
Infection risks associated with oral sex. http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/conditions/sexual-health/a12020/infection-risks-associated-with-oral-sex/. Accessed April 19, 2017.
What infections can I catch through oral sex? http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/970.aspx?CategoryID=118. Accessed April 19, 2017.
STD Risk and Oral Sex - CDC Fact Sheet. https://www.cdc.gov/std/healthcomm/stdfact-stdriskandoralsex.htm. Accessed April 19, 2017.