Lyme disease is an infected disease. Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. One person can get infected through a bite of an infected tick.
About Lyme disease
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection. The bacteria can be spread to your body when you get a bite from an infected tick.
According to CDC, in 2013, there are 27,203 confirmed cases and 9,104 probable cases of Lyme disease. Lyme disease is most commonly found in the northern countries like Canada, Europe, or north America.
You can get the bacteria through a bite of infected ticks, almost black legged ticks.
Ticks do not jump or fly, but climb on your clothes and skin. These ticks can attach any part of the body, then after 36 to 48 hours or more, the bacteria can be transmitted.
There is no evidence that Lyme disease can be transmitted from person-to-person, through air, food, or water. Lyme disease can go through the placenta to move into the fetus body. But there is no impact on the baby. You also cannot get the bacteria from the bites of mosquitoes, or flies.
Signs and symptoms
Early signs and symptoms
Early signs and symptoms usually appear 3 to 30 days after a tick bite:
- Headaches, muscle and joint pains, fever, chills and stiff neck
- Erythema migrans (EM) rash:
- Begins at the bite area after about 7 days
- Gradually expands and can be up to 30cm
- May feel painful and itchy
- Many people develop a lot of rashes appearing on any area of the body
Later signs and symptoms
Later and signs and symptoms can appear days to months after a tick bite:
- Severe headaches
- Nerve pain
- Facial palsy
- Numbness in the hands or feet
- Heart problems such as heart block and heart failure
- Pain in muscles, joints and bones
Lyme disease can be treated by getting antibiotic drugs. Most cases will require two or four courses, depending on the condition of the disease.
If your symptoms are severe, you may need a special treatment.
Some drugs may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Thus, reduce the exposure to the sunlight.
At present, there is no vaccine that can prevent Lyme disease. The only way to protect yourself is to reduce the risk factors that associated with Lyme disease.
- You should be aware when you are at the place that ticks are found.
- When you go to the garden or forest, wear long pants, long-sleeved tops and wear shoes, avoid long grass area, remember to cover your skin with clothes or cream
- Ensure that there is no tick in your house or on your clothes, remove any tick that you can find
- Check your pet’s fur, tick may live in your pet’s fur.
How to remove a tick
- If you find a tick on your skin, gently remove it without crushing the tick
- Wash that area with clean water and soap
- Do not try to press or use alcohol to force the tick out
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that transmitted through infected tick bites. Lyme disease can be treated effectively. However, there is no vaccine that can protect you from getting Lyme disease. The best option for you is to avoid risk factors for the disease.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.
Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017
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