Irregular menstrual cycle

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What are irregular periods?

Irregular menstrual cycle is a state in which the cycle, color, quantity of menstruation are changed, including:

  • Amenorrhea: characterized by missed periods or absence of periods for at least three months.
  • Oligomenorrhea: characterized by having fewer 8 periods a year.
  • Dysmenorrhea: having severe pain during menstrual periods
  • Hypomenorrhea: having some irregular changes but not severely.
  • Menorrhagia: having an heavier or longer menstruation than normal, such as: a period stay longer than 7 days or cause bleeding heavily.
  • Frequent, irregular bleeding.
  • Menometrorrhagia, a combined form of menorrhagia and metrorrhagia, characterized by having prolonged menstrual periods.
  • Postmenopausal bleeding: having bleeding occurring more than 12 months after the last menstrual cycle.
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms occurring in the two weeks prior to menstruation, such as: premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

There are many causes of irregular periods, such as:

  • Lifestyle: can change the balance of hormones and cause irregular bleeding, for example extreme weight loss or weight gain; excessive exercise; stress.
  • Drug: An intrauterine system (IUS)or contraceptive pill may cause spotting between periods or an intrauterine device (IUD) doesn’t cause irregular periods, but can cause heavy bleeding or painful bleeding.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome;
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Gynaecological problems;
  • Thyroid disorders.

Do irregular periods need treatment?

In almost cases, irregular menstrual cycle is benign. Treatment for irregular period is usually completely unnecessary because and your normal state can be recovered in the next cycle. However, in some cases, depending causes and complexity status of abnormal periods, treatment is needed.

How are irregular periods treated?

Depending on the causes, strategies for irregular period can be:

Changes in lifetime: This is the first line treatment in un-severe abnormalities. They can be:

  • Do more exercises;
  • Practicing meditation, yoga, visualization, or other methods of stress relief.
  • Decreasing intake of refined carbohydrates;
  • Taking multivitamins and other supplements; if needed.
  • Reduce alcohol and caffeine intake
  • Consume lots of water to keep the body hydrated
  • Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables

Alternative medicine: aim to treat the underlying reason causing irregular periods: for example, treating polycystic ovary syndrome, treating thyroid disorders, change the method of contraception.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

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