Every now and then people happen to get a fever. However, only a few of them understand that a fever itself is not an illness but a sign of a certain health problem such as infection. Thus, the sooner you treat a fever, the more you can control the symptoms of the underlying condition.
What is a fever?
Fever is considered to be a condition when the temperature of the human body suddenly increases. Experts believe that fever is the human body’s natural process of defending against infection. Normal human body’s temperature is usually about 37 degrees Celsius and it can vary about 1 degree during the day. A fever is considered to be significant when it exceeds 38 degrees. At that point, people have to be alert and find a way to treat it. here are many ways to treat a fever effectively.
What causes a fever?
The most common causes of a fever are infections. However, there are other causes relating to complicated medical problems. They are:
- Side effects of drugs
- Conditions resulted from inflammation
- Blood clots
What are the symptoms of a fever?
A fever always goes along with some additional discomforts in both children and adults. Those are also signs and symptoms of a fever.
- High body temperature (above 38 degrees Celsius)
- Chills or shaking
- Muscles and joint aches
- Loss of appetite
- Drowsiness or dizziness
- Skin flushing
- A sore throat, headache, cough, vomiting
There are some other possible symptoms like sore eyes, rapid heart rate or hallucination, etc.
How to treat a fever?
Technically, if a fever is not severe, it can be treated itself without any medical help. However, if it causes discomfort, there are ways to solve. Treatments vary depending on the cause.
Most of the time over-the-counter drugs are used to treat a fever. They are acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen. Aspirin should not be used if the victims are children or teens.
Besides, the person having a fever should dress comfortably, drink much water and apply a cool piece of cloth to their forehead.
Finally, seek medical help when:
- The fever is over 40 degrees Celsius
- The fever lasts more than 1 day in under 2-year-old child or more than 3 days in over 2- year- old child
- The person has history of cancer, AIDS, heart disease, diabetes…
- The person is taking some prescription medications
- The person has repeated diarrhea, vomiting, skin rashes.
- The person is a pregnant woman
- The person has signs of meningitis, urinary tract infection, pneumonia…
A fever itself is not dangerous, however, the health problems that relate to it require extra attention. After treating a fever, people should have a plan for boosting up their immunity as well as seeking their doctor to figure out those underlying health problems that matter.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: January 12, 2017 | Last Modified: January 12, 2017
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Fever Facts: High Temperature Causes and Treatments. http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/fevers-causes-symptoms-treatments Accessed January 9, 2017
Fever Symptoms, Treatment, Causes – What Is a Fever? http://www.medicinenet.com/aches_pain_fever/page2.htm Accessed January 9, 2017